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ВАЖ 2019 3(23) [EN]

[RU]


SERVING THE HOMELAND


An interview with the Commandant of the Military University of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense Lieutenant-General I.V. Mishutkin

Succession and loyalty: “Creating new based on traditions”

The Military University started the 100th anniversary academic year. The congratulatory events are not that far off. The University always worked in the best interests of the Russian Federation Armed Forces and other power departments. The most important features of the Military University are the succession and commitment to the time-proved traditions of the predecessors - the unique institutions of the higher military school. The Head of the Military University of the Russian Federation Armed Forces Lieutenant General Mishutkin Igor Viktorovich tells about the way the famous University is going to celebrate the centenarian anniversary.

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PAGES OF HISTORY


Arzamaskin Yuriy Nikolaevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Establishment of the higher military-political school (1919 – 1938)

The article reveals the heroic history of the first talent foundry of political workers for the Soviet Armed Forces – Lenin Military Academy which successor is Military University. The author analyses historical evidences of Lenin Military Academy’s development in perspective of common stages of Armed Forces development in the Soviet period of national history since the moment of Petrograd Teacher’s Institute of the Red Army named after N.G. Tolmatchev foundation November 5, 1919 until January 11, 1938, when the Academy was renamed after V.I. Lenin and moved from Leningrad to Moscow.

Keywords: Red Army; party political work; military commissars; political workers; military personnel; repression; training; Petrograd Military District; Tolmachev; courses; institute; University; Military Political Academy.

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Kepel Oleg Vladimirovich

Nedbaylo Boris Nikolaevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Military personnel Alma Mater in Bolshaya Sadovaya Street (1938 – 1991)

The article is devoted to the Lenin Military Academy that prepared the military-political specialists that are again highly demanded in the modern conditions. The main events related to the Academy activities after its relocation from Leningrad to Moscow are unfolded to the readers. The article demonstrates the difficulties of the pre-war period, the heroism of the Academy graduates on the grounds of the Great Patriotic War, especially the peculiarities of the commissars’ foundry development during the Cold War. The achievements of the higher military-political school, gallery of the leaders, professors and graduates that glorified the University are represented.

Keywords: Military Political Academy; frames; political workers; training; Graduates; prewar period; The Great Patriotic War; heroism; the department; Teaching Staff; studying process; social and humanitarian disciplines; methodical work; research activity.

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Ivanov Evgeny Sergeevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Training of humanitarian and socio-economic disciplines lecturers for military educational institutions (1918 – 1991)

The article is devoted to the training of the USSR military Institutions lecturers of the humanitarian and social-economical disciplines. The author gives some facts and generalizations of the training system of the higher military-pedagogical schools, M.I. Kalinin Higher Military-Pedagogical Institute and the Lenin Military Academy (up to 1938 – named after N.G. Tolmachev). Basing on the historical experience some offers of developing the educational system, professional selection and training of the military Institutions lecturers of the humanitarian and social-economical disciplines in modern conditions are reasoned and formulated.

Keywords: military education; military educational institution; teacher; listener; teacher training; humanitarian disciplines; socio-economic disciplines; adjuncture; scientific and pedagogical staff.

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Военный университет в зеркале истории

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HISTORY OF PERSONS


Chertopolokh Alexandr Alekseevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Military Comissar N.G. Tolmachev – the founder of the Red Army large-scale political officers training

The article is devoted to the famous initiator of soviet force development Nikolay Gurievich Tolmachev, the father of the systems of the cultural and educational work within the Red Army soldiers and accelerated training of the junior and intermediate political officers during the Russian Civil War. The events and facts connected to the life and activities of the famous commissar are discerned. The author proves the idea that N.G. Tolmachev was not involved to the Royal family execution. It is shown that the name of N.G.Tolmachev after whom the military-political institutions - the predecessors of the Military University, is the symbol of the new political officers training system creation.

Keywords: Civil War; Red Army; Nikolay Tolmachev; military commissar; political bodies; political work; cultural and educational work; Higher military-political school; training of political staff.

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Filippovykh Dmitry Nikolaevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

A hero “missing in action”: major F.Z. Babachenko’s heroism and tragedy

The article is devoted to the one of the officers that graduated the Lenin Military-Political Academy. The heroic and at the same time tragic fate of the Hero of the Soviet Union Fedor Zaharovich Babachenko. The Hero of the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-1940 he was an active participant of the Great Periodic War. He knew the bitterness of retreat, fighted to the death in Stalingrad, took part in the battle of Kursk. The article is based on the documents and publications of the national and foreign archives.

Keywords: Fedor Babachenko; Soviet-Finnish war; The hero of the USSR; Military Political Academy; The Great Patriotic War; Battle of Stalingrad; the liberation of Ukraine; regiment commander; prisoner of war; stalag.

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Baykov Yuriy Arcadievich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Senior lieutenant E.A. Sukharev’s “sky walk”

The article highlights the combat and service history of Evstafiy A. Sukharev. He was an attack plane pilot of the World War II, a Hero of the Soviet Union and then between 1952 and 1986 – an assistant professor of the Air Force department of the Lenin Military-Political Academy. According to the archival documents of the 686th Sevastopol Attack Aviation Regiment, the most vivid battle episodes of his accomplishments during the war are revealed. In the author’s opinion, the experience that Sukharev brought to the academy education is an invaluable contribution to the training and morale of modern officers, as well as their patriotic consciousness.

Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; assault aviation regiment; attack pilot; E. A. Sukharev; The hero of the USSR; military operations; bomb attack; flak; group leader; combat experience.


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Alekhin Igor Alexeevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

General A.V. Barabanshchikov – the founder of the Soviet military pedagogics

The article shows the importance of psychological and pedagogical ideas and scientific and pedagogical activities of the first chief of the military pedagogic and military psychology academic department of the Lenin Military Academy A.V. Barabanschikov for development of Russian science. It is demonstrated that time proved the accuracy of the theoretical and methodological approaches that still are the reference point for the academic teaching staff and military pedagogic and military psychology researchers. The facts and evaluative judgments given in the article are based on the previously published works of the author, the apprentice of A.V. Barabanschikov.

Keywords: Military Political Academy; Alexander Barabanshchikov; Drummers; head of the department; military pedagogy; military psychology; methodology; philosophy of education; pedagogical culture; research activities; thesis; military education; military pedagogical process.

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SUCCESSORS OF TRADITIONS


Sakun Sergey Alexandrovich

Chertopolokh Alexandr Alekseevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

The higher military-political school reformation in post-Soviet era (1991 – 2019)

The article closes the series of publications in the “Military Academic Journal” about the becoming and development of the higher military-political school. The retrospective analysis of the post-Soviet reformation of the higher military-political school basing on the new educational paradigm focused on the specialists training for moral affairs bodies of the Russian Federation Armed Forces is offered. The stages and special aspects of the activities of the psychological and moral support department of the Military University, its contribution to the becoming and development of the psychological and moral support and military-political work scientific school are discussed. The contribution of the teaching staff to the highly skilled officers training for the military-political work system in the Russian Federation Armed Forces is shown.

Keywords: military-political work; moral and psychological support; military social work; work with personnel; educational work; higher military-political school; reform; Military university; the department; scientific school; direction of preparation; educational program; military-political workers.

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Loginov Igor Petrovich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Instructors-pioneers of the Military University: on the issue of the military playing-technical school origins

The article is devoted to the unique experience of innovative advanced teacher training becoming. The main episodes of the military gaming school development history are represented in stages. The creation and work organization of the nonorganic research and procedure centre of innovative educational technologies in the Humanitarian Academy of the Russian Federation Armed Forces and then the Military University of the Russian Federation Armed Forces are demonstrated. The actions of introduction of innovations to the educational process and some of the results are shown. The offers for further innovations of the educational process in military universities in the modern conditions are formulated.

Keywords: innovation; gaming school; teachers of game technology; retraining; scientific and methodological center; trainings; functional design; innovative infrastructure; innovative experience.

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Savin Alexander Anatolyevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

“The scientific school beholds no comprehensive development without an influx of young scientists”: relevant issues of the legal regulatory framework for the academic staff training

The article dwells on some problems of reproduction and development of the scientific resources of military universities. On the example of the Military University the factors of the effectiveness improvement of doctorate and post graduate studies. One of the conditions of the increased scientific capacity of universities, according to the author, is the necessity of improvement of the postgraduate students training rules and regulations.

Keywords: higher education; educational organization; scientific school; highly qualified personnel; scientific and pedagogical staff; training; reproduction; doctoral studies; postgraduate studies; Federal State Educational Standard for Higher Education; thesis; state final certification; regulatory framework.

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MILITARY-HUMAN SCIENCES

RELEVANT HERITAGE


Savinkin Alexander Evgenievich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Victorious military classics

The article characterizes the indigenous military classics as the integral Science of Conquering. The special attention is paid to the necessity of practical usage of its abundant and instructive content that now is demonstrated in 29 issues of “Russian Military Collection” and some issues of “Military Academic Journal”. The main victorious instructions of Peter the Great, A.V. Suvorov, M.I. Kutuzov, M.D. Scobelev, A.E. Snesarev and G.K. Zhukov are summarized. The successive development of the Russian Science of Conquering is shown as well on the example of the Syrian operation of the Russian Federation Armed Forces.

Keywords: The Science of conquering; military classics; military art; professional army; Peter the Great; A.V. Suvorov; M.I. Kutuzov; M.D. Skobelev; A.E. Snesarev; G.K. Zhukov; Suvorov readings; Syrian operation.

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Martsenyuk Yuriy Anatolevich

Kardash Igor Leonidovich

Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation (Moscow)

Masny Vladimir Viktorovich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Infantry General E.F. Komarovsky’s creative heritage

The article is devoted to the 250th anniversary of the founder of the Russian internal guard, general E.F. Komarovsky. The main ideas of his creative heritage, main biography highlights are given. The special attention is paid to the ideas of the military-administrative organization of the state, the principles of reaction to the state and society safety threats, his activities on the struggle against official misconducts and other abuses. It is shown that the ideas of E.F. Komarovsky are realized in the modern military organization of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: military management; law enforcement forces; police functions; internal guard; separate building; General E.F. Komarovsky; district system; security; National Guard.

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MILITARY EDUCATION


Abramov Andrey Gavrilovich

Britvin Nikolay Ivanovich

Khaustov Vladimir Nikolaevich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Specifics of the Red Army political work in the second half of the 1930s

The article explains the changes in the organization of party-political work of the Red Army in the pre-war period. The important problem of joint military and political training of the Red Army personnel that played a fundamental role in a regular army formation is noticed. It is underlined that in the conditions of the establishment of the principle of unity of command some commanders underestimated the importance of the party-political work. The authors call attention to the fact that despite repressions the political workers were perfecting the standards of the political work in the Army.

Keywords: Red army; principle of unity of command; commander; military commissar; political worker; political apparatus; Military Political Academy; repression; arrests; party political work; combat training; political education.

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Oleinikov Sergey Viktorovich

Lushnikov Victor Pavlovich

Military University of the Russian Federation, Defense Ministry (Moscow)

Challenges of contract service members military education effectiveness upgrade (based on the military-sociological research)

The article is devoted to the servicemen’s character training. The authors, basing on the results of the military-sociological research hold in 2018, offer some possible ways of effectivization of military-professional education of contract servicemen in modern conditions.

Keywords: military service; Contract; military personnel; officers junior commanders; military education; military professional education; forms; methods efficiency; research results.

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SCIENTIFIC LIFE

SCIENTIFIC FORUM


Suvorov Readings – 2019

The information about the scientific conference “The Training of the Military-Political Officers: Suvorov Traditions and Their Importance in Modern Conditions” that was hold within the Suvorov Readings, annually conducted in the Military university at the beginning of the academic year.

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BOOKSHELF


The heritage of A.V. Suvorov and P.S. Nakhimov in personalities and deeds

The fragments of the reviews of the Doctor of Philosophy, professor V.N. Ksenofontov and the Doctor of Psychology, professor N.I. Konyuhov of the book “The Honor of the Cadet Fellowship” (2019) by the Minsk Suvorov Military School graduate professor N.Z. Kunts.

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Born on the Neva banks

Publishing of the monograph “Born on the Neva Banks” became a noticeable episode of the Military university existence. The work, performed by the writing team under scientific supervision of the Doctor of the Historical Sciences Y.N. Arzamaskin, is devoted to the holistic comprehension of the heroic history of the first talent foundry of the political workers of the Soviet Armed Forces – the Lenin Military Academy, the predecessor of the Military university of the Russian Federation Armed Forces.

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INFORMATION


Our authors

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