2014 4 (4)

December 31, 2014

 

Summaries 

 

Pages of History

Shein Igor Alexandrovich

ON THE ISSUE OF OVERCOMING METHODOLOGICAL CRISIS IN THE STUDY OF THE 1812 PATRIOTIC WAR HISTORY AND HISTORIOGRAPHY

This article deals with the issues of modern methodology to study the 1812 Patriotic War history and historiography. The author raises the question of the possibility of making use of the provisions of the basic Marxist-Leninist methodology schools and methodological innovations of postmodernism in modern scientific historical research. Particular emphasis is placed on the theoretically little developed issue of the historiographical periodization. 

Keywords:

1812 ГОД, 1812, ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА, PATRIOTIC WAR, ИСТОРИОГРАФИЯ, HISTORIOGRAPHY,ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ, HISTORICAL RESEARCH, МЕТОДОЛОГИЯ, METHODOLOGY,МИКРОИСТОРИЯ, MICROHISTORY, ПЕРИОДИЗАЦИЯ, PERIODIZATION

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Maklachkov Alexander Vasilievich

HISTORIOGRAPHY OF ACTIVITIES OF THE MASS ORGANIZATIONS FOR DEFENSE IN 1922-1991: THEORETICAL BASES AND SOURCES 

This article covers the problems of modern methodology for studying the history and historiography of activities of USSR’s mass organizations for defense in 1922-1991. The author raises the question of the possibility of using the methodology of the Soviet school of historiography in modern scientific research. 

Keywords:

ОБОРОННО-МАССОВЫЕ ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ, ИСТОРИОГРАФИЧЕСКИЕ ИСТОЧНИКИ, HISTORIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES, МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ОСНОВЫ, METHODOLOGICAL BASES, ПРИНЦИП ИСТОРИЗМА,PRINCIPLE OF HISTORICISM, ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ, HISTORICALLY RESEARCH,МЕТОДОЛОГИЯ, METHODOLOGY, MASS ORGANIZATIONS FOR DEFENSE

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Mishanov Stanislav Anatolievich

COLONEL I.V. BOLTIN - SYNOD’S FIRST CHIEF PROCURATOR 

This article focuses on activities of Synod’s first Chief Procurator of the Russian Orthodox Church, Colonel Ivan Boltin. It covers the period from May 11, 1722-May 11, 1725. The paper proves the fact that officers of the Russian Army and Navy played a vital role to translate into life ideas of Peter I. The author concludes despite impediments on the way of Ivan Boltin’s activities he succeeded in laying down the foundation for further growth and strengthening of Holy Synod’s Chief Procurator institution of the Russian Orthodox Church. 

Keywords:

РУССКАЯ ПРАВОСЛАВНАЯ ЦЕРКОВЬ, RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH, ПЕТР I, PETER I, СВЯТЕЙШИЙ СИНОД, HOLY SYNOD, ОБЕР-ПРОКУРОР, CHIEF PROCURATOR

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Berlov Artur Valerievich

THE RUSSIAN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE’S NEOPOPULIST SCHOOL ACTIVITIES IN EUROPE IN 1922-1939 

This article dwells on views of scientists in exile of the Neopopulist School of the Russian Agricultural Science in 1920-1930. It depicts emigrants’ assessments of the Bolsheviks’ rural policies as well as emigrants’ rethinking of the experience of the New Economic Policy and the Collectivization. The author concludes the Neopopulist concept of rural development fundamentally differs from the liberal and Marxist theories and is regarded as an alternative to the Bolsheviks’ modernization of the Russian countryside. 

Keywords:

СОЦИАЛИСТЫ-РЕВОЛЮЦИОНЕРЫ, SOCIALIST-REVOLUTIONARIES, НЕОНЕРОДНИКИ, АГРАРНАЯ ПОЛИТИКА, AGRICULTURAL POLICY, СЕЛЬСКОЕ ХОЗЯЙСТВО, AGRICULTURE, КРЕСТЬЯНСТВО,PEASANTRY, ОБЩИНА, COMMUNITY, ЭМИГРАЦИЯ, EMIGRATION, NEOPOPULISTS

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Minko Andrew Yurievich

EVOLUTION OF THE OPERATIONAL ART OF THE NAVY 

This article focuses on the development of the operational art of the Navy as part of the Naval art. The analyzed period of the emergence and development of the operational art starts from the sailing fleet to the missile-nuclear Navy. The main attention is paid to historical stages of the marine tactics development, the evolution of operational art in the existing system of scientific knowledge of the laws of armed conflict at sea, forms and methods of operational employment of forces and troops of the Navy in peacetime and wartime. 

Keywords:

ВОЕННО-МОРСКОЙ ФЛОТ, NAVY, ОПЕРАТИВНОЕ ИСКУССТВО, OPERATIONAL ART, МОРСКОЙ БОЙ,NAVAL BATTLE, ОПЕРАЦИЯ, OPERATION, OPERATION MODE, ОПЕРАТИВНЫЙ РЕЖИМ

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Baykov Yuriy Arcadievich

ASSAULT AVIATION HOSTILITIES DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (BASED ON EXPERIENCE OF AIR FORCE FORMATIONS EMPLOYMENT UNDER N.P. KAMANIN’S COMMAND) 

This article reveals the most important aspects of the organization of combat operations of the assault aviation formations and units during the Great Patriotic War based on the experience of the Supreme Command 5 th Assault Aviation Corps of Reserve under the command of N.P. Kamanin. The role of a corps commander for the formation, combat training organization, combat readiness and high efficiency of the fulfillment of combat tasks by formations and units are placed a special emphasis on. The author used previously unpublished archival documents and materials that give profound comprehension of the value and importance of the contribution made by the assault aviation formations and units to gain the Great Victory. According to the author, the considered issues of combat operations are still relevant for nowadays military theory and practice. 

Keywords:

ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА, GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR, РЕЗЕРВ ВГК, SUPREME COMMAND RESERVE, ШТУРМОВАЯ АВИАЦИЯ, ASSAULT AVIATION, АВИАЦИОННЫЙ КОРПУС, AVIATION CORPS,БОЕВЫЕ ДЕЙСТВИЯ, АВИАЦИОННАЯ ПОДДЕРЖКА ВОЙСК, TROOPS AVIATION SUPPORT,ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЕ, HOSTILITIES, COHESION

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Shaybakov Albert Flaritovich

ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE STRATEGIC MISSILE FORCES OPERATIVE ART 

This article covers a retrospective of evolution of the Strategic Missile Forces (SMF) operative art. The author considers historical aspects of formation of operative art of this branch of the Armed Forces (today SMF is an arm of the Armed Forces ) as part of operative art which embraces theoretical and practical questions of application of operative associations (rocket armies) and Strategic Missile Forces as a whole with the account of their specificity. 

Keywords:

РАКЕТНЫЕ ВОЙСКА СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКОГО НАЗНАЧЕНИЯ, STRATEGIC MISSILE FORCES OF RUSSIA, SMF,OPERATIVE ART, ИСТОРИЯ, HISTORY, РАЗВИТИЕ, DEVELOPMENT, FORM OF APPLICATION, РВСН,ОПЕРАТИВНОЕ ИСКУССТВО, ФОРМЫ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ

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DEFENCE AND SECURITY

Pautova Alla Victorovna

NEW VERGES OF THE EUROPEAN MILITARY INTEGRATION 

Conclusion of military-political and military-economic multilateral agreements as well as the establishment of new interstate associations on their bases are results of the contemporary dynamics of globalization. The author analyzes some relevant trends of integration processes in strengthening defense capacities of European states. This article sets forth an example of goals and international activities of the recently set up Nordic Defense Cooperation. 

Keywords:

ИНТЕГРАЦИОННЫЕ ПРОЦЕССЫ, INTEGRATION PROCESSES, УГРОЗЫ, THREATS, БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ,SECURITY, НАТО, NATO, СЕВЕРОЕВРОПЕЙСКИЕ СТРАНЫ, NORTHERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES,NORDEFCO, ВОЕННО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ СОТРУДНИЧЕСТВО, MILITARY-ECONOMIC COOPERATION,КООПЕРАЦИЯ, ОБОРОННАЯ ПРОМЫШЛЕННОСТЬ, DEFENSE INDUSTRY, ВООРУЖЕНИЕ, WEAPONS,РЕСУРСЫ, RESOURCES

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Ryzhov Igor Victorovich, Shuba Dmitry Michailovich

REQUIREMETS FOR HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISES QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 

This article deals with modern requirements for quality management systems of enterprises in high-tech sectors of the domestic economy. The authors substantiate objectives which are implemented by the management of enterprises. The objectives include analysis and control of quality expenditures related to the effectiveness assessment of the quality management system. 

Keywords:

ПРЕДПРИЯТИЯ, ENTERPRISE, РУКОВОДСТВО, LEADERSHIP, СИСТЕМА МЕНЕДЖМЕНТА КАЧЕСТВА,QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, ВЫСОКОТЕХНОЛОГИЧНАЯ ПРОДУКЦИЯ, HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS,ЗАТРАТЫ, EXPENSES, КОНТРОЛЬ, CONTROL, ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ, EFFICIENCY

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Lankin Vladimir Vasilievich

ON THE ISSUE OF CORRUPTION IN RUSSIA’S PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM 

This article analyses the current state of corruption in Russia’s public administration system and its impact on the national security. It reveals corrupt activities by representatives of the legislative and executive branches of power. The paper touches upon the issues of personnel potential and the effectiveness of the public administration system at the current stage of development of Russia’s society. Urgent steps must be taken to decrease the level of corruption in the country, the author summarizes. Fighting against the scourge must be systemic. 

Keywords:

КОРРУПЦИЯ, CORRUPTION, ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ ВЛАСТЬ, STATE AUTHORITY, ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ УПРАВЛЕНИЕ, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, ЧИНОВНИК, OFFICIAL, КАДРОВАЯ ПОЛИТИКА, PERSONNEL POLICY, УПРАВЛЕНЧЕСКИЕ РЕШЕНИЯ, MANAGEMENT DECISIONS, НЕЗАКОННЫЕ ДОХОДЫ, ILLEGAL PROFITS, БОРЬБА С КОРРУПЦИЕЙ, FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION, АНТИКОРРУПЦИОННЫЕ МЕХАНИЗМЫ,ANTI-CORRUPTION MECHANISMS

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Dallaqyan Camo Saribekovich

MIGRATION FACTOR ON THE WAY TO NATIONAL STATE BUILDING IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE 

This article presents the results of analysis of theoretical and empirical models of migration, common to all countries and peoples. The author summarizes the EU’s law enforcement practice in search for balance between personal, social and state security and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. 

Keywords:

ГЛОБАЛЬНЫЕ МИГРАЦИОННЫЕ ПРОЦЕССЫ, GLOBAL MIGRATION PROCESSES, ЕВРОПЕЙСКИЙ СОЮЗ,EUROPEAN UNION, ПОСТСОВЕТСКОЕ ПРОСТРАНСТВО, POST-SOVIET SPACE, РОССИЙСКОЕ ОБЩЕСТВО,RUSSIAN SOCIETY, МИГРАЦИОННАЯ ПОЛИТИКА, MIGRATION POLICY, ИММИГРАЦИЯ, IMMIGRATION,ETHNIC IMMIGRATION, ЭТНОИММИГРАЦИЯ

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Veremchuk Vladimir Igorevich, Baranovskiy Maхim Vitalievich

SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL RELATIONS OF TRUST IN MILITARY UNITS OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 

This article presents the results of the military-sociological study of social relationships of trust in military units of the Russian Federation Armed Forces. Is focuses on the main components of the conceptual model developed in the study. Particular emphasis is placed on the administrative aspect of social relations of trust between unit commanders and their subordinates.

Keywords:

СТИЛЬ РУКОВОДСТВА, LEADERSHIP STYLE, СОЦИАЛЬНЫЙ КАПИТАЛ, SOCIAL CAPITAL, ЛИЧНЫЙ СОСТАВ,PERSONNEL, ОТНОШЕНИЯ, RELATIONS, МОРАЛЬНО-ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ, MORALE,ИНСТИТУЦИОНАЛЬНОЕ ДОВЕРИЕ, INSTITUTIONAL TRUST, МЕЖЛИЧНОСТНОЕ ДОВЕРИЕ, INTERPERSONAL TRUST, RELATIONSHIP OF TRUST

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Stepanova Elena Evgenievna

SOCIOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF THE MILITARY UNIVERSITY CADETS’ MOTIVATIONAL READINESS FOR MILITARY SERVICE 

This study offers results of the sociological research on the motivation readiness for military service of cadets of the Military University of the Russian Federation Defense Ministry. It discusses objective conditions and subjective factors that shape motivational readiness of cadets for military professional activities. 

Keywords:

ВОЕННАЯ СЛУЖБА, MILITARY SERVICE, MILITARY OCCUPATION, КУРСАНТ, CADET, ВЫПУСКНИК,GRADUATE, ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ, RESEARCH, МОТИВАЦИЯ, MOTIVATION, МОТИВАЦИОННАЯ ГОТОВНОСТЬ,MOTIVATIONAL READINESS, ВОЕННО-ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНАЯ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ

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Peven Leonid Vasilievich

POSITIVE TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS AIMED TO ENHANCE PRESTIGE AND ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE MILITARY SERVICE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ARMED FORCES 

The article examines trends in the development of civil-military relations in the context of enhancing the prestige of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The author presents data of sociological studies carried out annually by the Sociological Research Centre of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

РОССИЙСКОЕ ОБЩЕСТВО, RUSSIAN SOCIETY, ВООРУЖЕННЫЕ СИЛЫ, ARMED FORCES, ВОЕННАЯ СЛУЖБА, MILITARY SERVICE, ПРЕСТИЖ, PRESTIGE, ПРИВЛЕКАТЕЛЬНОСТЬ, ATTRACTIVENESS,ЛИЧНОСТЬ, PERSONALITY, ВОЕННОСЛУЖАЩИЙ, ВОЕННО-ГРАЖДАНСКИЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ, CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS, MILITARY

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HIGHER SCHOOL

Antsupov Anatoly Yakovlevich

HOW TO DEVELOP A STRATEGY 

The article is devoted to the presentation of the author’s concept of the optimized cycle of strategic management - the key and most complex level of management. It is shown that the low quality of strategic management is the main cause of major losses suffered by Russia in the last 1,000 years at the level of organizations, regions, and the country as a whole. The article describes five stages for a strategy substantiation, five stages of its adoption, five stages of the strategic management decision, and two phases of generalization of experience of strategic management.

Keywords:

СТРАТЕГИЯ, STRATEGY, СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКОЕ УПРАВЛЕНИЕ, STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT, ЦИКЛ, CYCLE,ЭТАПЫ, STAGES, ОПЫТ, EXPERIENCE, УПРАВЛЕНИЕ ПЕРСОНАЛОМ, PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT,УПРАВЛЕНЧЕСКОЕ РЕШЕНИЕ, ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION

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Kovalev Leonid Nicolaevich

FUNCTIONAL ENTITY AND ROLE FEATURES OF THE TEXT OF A POLITICO-MILITARY TREATY AS AN ELEMENT OF THE INTEGRAL ACT OF VERBAL COMMUNICATION 

The article dwells to the text of politico-military treaty and its role within the act of communication as part of the thread to include: author - text - recipient. A politico-military treaty meets specific communicative challenges within the certain sphere of social life, and incorporates its own pragmatic meaning. Its social, system and regulative functions implement communicative function of language as communication. 

Keywords:

КОММУНИКАТИВНАЯ СИСТЕМА, COMMUNICATIVE SYSTEM, УСТНАЯ РЕЧЬ, ПИСЬМЕННАЯ РЕЧЬ, РЕЧЕВОЕ ПРОИЗВЕДЕНИЕ, SPEECH WORK, ТЕКСТ, ДОГОВОР, СОЦИОЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКИЙ АНАЛИЗ,SOCIOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF TEXT, ФУНКЦИЯ, ИНТЕРПРЕТАЦИЯ, SPOKEN LANGUAGE AND SCRIPT,TEXT TYPE, ACT OF COMMUNICATION, INTERPRETATION OF SPEECH WORKS, THEORY OF SPEECH,COMMUNICATIVE INTENSION OF SIDES, PRIMARY AND SECONDARY COMMUNICATION ACTIVITIES,COMMUNICATIVE FUNCTION

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Angaleva Maria Anatol'evna

SEMIOTIC ASPECT OF THE REFERENCE OF IMPLICIT THEORY OF A PERSON IN COMMUNICATIVE ORGANIZATION OF DISCOURSE 

This article examines the phenomenon of implicit theory of a person (ITP) as an everyday reality of oral communication. The theory is considered as a basic and integral part of communicative organization of discourse. This study also shows the role of ITP in organizing a dialogue. It gives the author’s analysis of traditional and alternative approaches to ITP. 

Keywords:

СЕМИОТИЧЕСКИЙ АСПЕКТ, SEMIOTICAL ASPECT, ИМПЛИЦИТНАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЛИЧНОСТИ, IMPLICIT THEORY OF A PERSON (ITP), КОГНИТИВНЫЙ БАЗИС, COGNITIVE BASIS, РЕЧЕВАЯ КОММУНИКАЦИЯ,ORAL COMMUNICATION, ЛИЧНОСТНЫЕ КОНСТРУКТЫ, PERSONAL CONSTRUCT THEORY,COMMUNICATION CATEGORY, НАУЧНОЕ ПОЗНАНИЕ, SCIENTIFIC COGNITION CATEGORY, ОБЫДЕННОЕ ПОЗНАНИЕ, EVERYDAY COGNITION CATEGORY, ДИСКУРС, DISCOURSE

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Subacheva Elena Glebovna

METAPHOR IN THE SYSTEM OF EXPRESSIVE MEANS OF A LANGUAGE 

This article is devoted to the semantic and cognitive analysis of a metaphor and its role in shaping logical structures and cognitive means of a natural language. Having described the metaphor in the system of expressive means of a language, the author concludes that it is traditionally associated with linguistic tropes. The metaphor is used to achieve the aesthetic effect of expression in our speech. 

Keywords:

МЕТАФОРА, METAPHOR, ТРОП, ПОЛИФУНКЦИОНАЛЬНОСТЬ, АНТРОПОЛОГИЧНОСТЬ, ГИПОСЕМА,HYPOSEMA, ГИПЕРСЕМА, HYPERSEMA, АРХИСЕМА, РЕЧЬ, SPEECH, ЯЗЫК, LANGUAGE, TROPE, MULTI-FUNCTIONALITY, ANTHROPOLOGICALITY, ARCHISEMA, DIFFERENTIAL

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Gnilov Boris Gennadievich

HISTORICAL CONSTANTS OF A MUSICAL WORK FOR THE PIANO AND ORCHESTRA 

The article is devoted to the author’s scientific concept on the history of piano-orchestral music through the works of its greatest masters. It provides the evolution of piano-orchestral music. It proves the link between the music and landmark events in the art of musical composition, based on the three levels: personal, national and global (the art system level). 

Keywords:

ИСТОРИЯ МУЗЫКИ, HISTORY OF MUSIC, МУЗЫКАЛЬНЫЙ ЖАНР, MUSICAL GENRE, КОНЦЕРТ, CONCERT,ФОРТЕПИАНО, PIANO, ОРКЕСТР, ORCHESTRA, ПРОИЗВЕДЕНИЕ, COMPOSITION, ИСТОРИКО-ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННЫЕ СМЫСЛЫ, HISTORICAL AND ARTISTIC SENSE

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Gerasimov Victor Nikolaevich, Ulziikhuyag Baasanjav

CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE MILITARY EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DEFENSE OF MONGOLIA 

This article discusses the concept of development of the system of professional military education at the University of Defense of Mongolia and it is oriented to the rethinking of the traditional research and teaching positions and approaches to the system of professional military education with regard to the features of modernization of education in the Armed Forces of Mongolia. The active cooperation of all the objects and subjects of the educational process for the implementation of the concept should result into the new quality of the professional military education of the officer corps in the Armed Forces of Mongolia.

Keywords:

МОНГОЛИЯ, MONGOLIA, ВООРУЖЁННЫЕ СИЛЫ, ARMED FORCES, ОФИЦЕРСКИЕ КАДРЫ, OFFICER CORPS, ВОЕННО-ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ, PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION,УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ОБОРОНЫ, UNIVERSITY OF DEFENSE, КОНЦЕПЦИЯ, CONCEPT, РАЗВИТИЕ,DEVELOPMENT, УПРАВЛЕНИЕ, MANAGEMENT, ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНЫЙ ПРОЦЕСС, EDUCATIONAL PROCESS,ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНАЯ ГОТОВНОСТЬ, PROFESSIONAL READINESS

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Scientific life

New books

History of Russia: problems of morality 

The History of Russia: Problems and Concerns by V. Semin and M. Shadskaya has been published and recommended by the Scientific and Methodological Council on History of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation as a textbook for students of non-historical disciplines. It has been highly praised by experts and historians and the general scientific community.

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