70 YEARS AFTER THE GREAT VICTORY: OPPORTUNITIES AND REAL WAYS OF POST-WAR HISTORY
The article considers the alternatives for mankind as a result of the victory over fascism, European and Asian militarism in 1945. It analyzes the position of powers that won the war and real historical events in the 70 years of post-war history to show which powers took the initiative and what actions and events determined the complex and dangerous peace-war history.
war and peace; society; victory; military security; alternative; parity; Cold War; suicidal war; slaughter and destructive potential; unacceptable damage; Sovietology.
VICTORY IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR AS SPIRITUAL VALUE OF MODERN RUSSIA
The article reveals the significance of the Soviet victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. It stresses the victory was achieved due to the dedication and self-discipline of the army and people, unity of all the peoples of the country in a common struggle against fascism as well as restoration of historical links with the heroic past of Russia.
Great Patriotic War; victory; spiritual value; historical memory; people; army; education; feat; heroism; patriotism.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND ARCHAEOLOGY
MYTHS AND REALITIES IN MODERN RUSSIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
This article discusses some trends in modern Russian historiography of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. It shows the inconsistency of some authors when they propose an interpretation of the history of the war that differs from the traditional one and try to doubt the established chronology of major events and periods of the war as well as its liberation meaning. Certain examples show destructive forces on the historical front of the so-called "fighters for historical truth" - modern pseudo exposers and pseudo researchers.
Great Patriotic War; campaign; battle; operation; battle; historiography; falsification; myths; pseudo exposers; pseudo researchers.
Zhanna Ponomarenko, Maria Makarova
"NEW IS WELL FORGOTTEN OLD" – BATTLE OF STALINGRAD IN HISTORY OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR
The article presents the results of the analysis of little-known moments from the Battle of Stalingrad. The authors examine the course of military operations of the Nazi army and its allies, e.g. the Italians, reveal the basic policies of the military authorities in the temporarily occupied enemy territories, where the Battle of Stalingrad unfolded.
World War II; Battle of Stalingrad; Red Army; Italian army; allies; front; troops; management; surrender; defeat; Nazism; anti-fascism.
PRESS OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AS TOOL TO CREATE ALLIED RELATIONS IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR
The article is devoted to the history of Soviet publications in English for readers in the UK, as well as the British Ally weekly edition in Russian in the USSR, both published in the Second World War. The author concluded the importance of both Soviet and British editions of transforming images and stereotypes that rooted in the cultural space of the two countries as they affected the nature and extent of interstate cooperation in the Second World War.
World War II; anti-Hitler coalition; allies; press; newspaper; British ally; Soviet War Weekly; Soviet War News.
ACTIVITIES OF MILITARY MUSEUMS ON POPULARIZATION OF MOST VALUABLE COLLECTIONS IN 1918-1991
The article deals with the activities of military museums leadership on popularization of their most valuable collections in 1918-1991. The positive experience of such activities may be of use in modern conditions.
military museum; military museum system; popularization activities; most valuable collections; museum exposition; exhibition; museum cinema studio; museum printing office.
COMPARATIVE-MATRIX METHOD AS INNOVATIVE WAY OF LEARNING HISTORY
The article is devoted to the understanding and application of studying modern history through the innovative components-active-matrix method of historical research in today's environment. It emphasizes that the method is a synthesis of the two research methods. The author shows that the comparative approach gives a holistic view about the historical relations between different civilizations and leading countries of the world and Russia. On the other hand, the matrix approach in historical studies is a system of united and linked elements developed as a table (grid) and giving the opportunity to record the results identified in the analysis. It is concluded that the presented method, a synthesis of the two methods, gives more effective system of learning history.
historical research; comparative-matrix approach; comparative method; matrix method; historical matrix; historical grid.
PHILOSOPHY AND PERSONALITY IN MODERN RUSSIA
This article discuses the role of philosophy in the development of a personality in contemporary Russia. On the basis of the relationship between philosophy and the specific historical era the author states that personality development is complicated and may only become successful in the relevant economic, socio-political, ideological and moral conditions. In the process of a new type identity formation philosophy plays an important part, which has impact on the historical development through people's worldview, their methodological, moral and other demands, principles and rules.
philosophy; dialectical materialism; age; human factors; personality; formation and education; soldier.
SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE IN INFORMATION WARFARE
The article describes the social and humanitarian knowledge as a phenomenon of the modern information warfare. Main attention is paid to the analysis of the impact of social media on public and individual consciousness, mentality, spiritual-moral and socio-psychological qualities of the individual and society as a whole. It shows that the manipulation of social and humanitarian knowledge has been transformed into an effective technology of spiritual influence, a kind of information weaponry, widely used to generate inadequate perception of the surrounding reality and substitute actual reality with a virtual world, a kind of power over one’s thoughts.
information warfare; information weaponry; social and humanitarian knowledge; social information; individual consciousness; mass consciousness; clipping thinking.
NATION-WIDE CONTRADICTIONS IN ENSURING MILITARY SECURITY OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY (INFORMATION FACTOR)
The article examines nation-wide contradictions as a multifaceted phenomenon through the prism of worldwide changes associated with the IT development. It stresses the resolution of such disputes greatly depends on – along with the development of automated information processing and effective information transmission – humanitarian, axiological, social and cultural aspects of the IT development. It proves grounds for the optimization of the State and Ministry of Defense structures dealing with information management in ensuring Russia's military security.
Russian society; the State; personality; contradictions; IT development; inequality; information management; military security.
SOCIAL NATURE AND LINGUISTIC TOOLS OF PERSUASIVENESS (BASED ON ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN NEWSLETTERS OF DIFFERENT PARTIES)
The article analyzes electoral campaign newsletters used by candidates for the 5 Moscow City Duma in order to identify means to create persuasive effect. The author examines electoral campaign newsletters of various parties under socio-pragmatic point of view to determine strategies, tactics, linguistic and extra-linguistic tools to transmit persuasive propositions.
public communications; discourse; political text; newsletter; persuasiveness; mentality; addressee; verbal strategies; verbal tactics; linguistic tools.
MILITARY THEORETICAL SCIENCE
POLITICAL AND STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP THE COUNTRY AND ARMED FORCES
This article is actually a commentary on the thesis of Academician A.A. Kokoshin, who analyzed multifaceted aspects of the relationship between politics and military strategy. The article presents the results of the analysis of military-theoretical and practical work of the talented Soviet commander Aleksander Svechin. It emphasizes political dominance on military strategy. The accent is on the foresight of future, warfare, which is inevitable to determine the priorities of military construction and mobilization readiness of the national economy.
A. Svechin; methodology; policy; national security; political leadership; management; military strategy; strategic decisions; operational art; modern warfare.
RUSSIAN MILITARY IN PROVIDING NATIONAL SECURITY: THEORETICAL ASPECTS
This article discusses some problems of national military security amid increasing international tension and struggle for a multipolar world. The author shows his social and philosophical understanding of the most general principles of the national defense and its potential to protect the state against military threats. The author concludes that current government and public efforts should be concentrated on modernizing military organization so that it protected Russian national interests.
the state; geopolitical rivalry; soft power; national security; military security; military doctrine; military organization.
ADVERTISING CONTRACTED MILITARY SERVICE: WAYS TO INCREASE EFFICIENCY
The article considers advertising of the contracted service as an integral part of the activities of the government and military authorities to provide the Russian Armed Forces with necessary human resources. The author cites sociological data to argue his opinions. He reveals the ways to increase the effectiveness of advertising of the contracted service.
Russian Armed Forces; army; Ministry of Defence; advertising; military and promotional activities; military service; recruitment; contract; youth; information; efficiency.
THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF MOTIVATION OF OFFICERS’ PROFESSIONAL MILITARY ACTIVITY IN RUSSIA
The article analyzes foreign and domestic theories and concepts of motivation. Representatives of military science pay particular attention to the problems of motivation in managerial and professional activities of the military. The author states that the scientific literature has two key approaches to interdisciplinary definition of the term of ‘motivation’.
motivation; psychological theories; substantive theory; procedural theory; management activities; military and professional activities.
PECULIARITIES OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES OF TEACHING STAFF IN MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS UNDER MODERN CONDITIONS
The article analyzes the results of sociological research of interests and professional motivation of the teaching staff in higher military educational institutions. It shows how the staff evaluates its professional prestige as well as effectiveness of the process of training and education in the educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. It gives the reasons that reduce the satisfaction of the teaching staff with their professional activities in modern conditions.
military educational institutions; teaching staff; professional activity; educational process; motivation; satisfaction; performance evaluation.
SPECIAL MILITARY SCIENCE
ANALYSIS OF STUDIES ON SYSTEM OF DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY SPECIALISTS IN HIGHER MILITARY SCHOOLS IN RUSSIA
The article presents the main findings of the analysis carried out in recent years to research the development of the system of personnel training in higher military educational institutions. The author identifies key pedagogical ways to improve the existing system of military personnel training in modern conditions.
higher military educational institutions; military experts; training; military and educational activities.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS TO CREATE VALUE-MOTIVATIONAL UNDERSTANDING OF PERSONAL PHYSICAL TRAINING BY CADETS IN MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
The article discusses theoretical and methodological applied psychological and pedagogical aspects of values and motivations of future officers. In particular, it reveals psychological and pedagogical factors in valeological education of cadets and ways to develop their values and motivations associated with personal physical education as a condition of psychological endurance in peacetime and in wartime.
cadet; motivation; physical training; valeological education; psychophysical exercises.
CONCEPT OF MILITARY CONFLICT AND ITS CONSOLIDATION IN LEGISLATION OF CIS MEMBER STATES
The article discusses the concept and essence of military conflict as well as its legal consolidation in the legislation of CIS member-states. It gives definitions of terms such as war (large-scale, regional, local), international and non-international armed conflicts.
war; military conflict; the state; legislation; contradictions; wartime; military force.