2015 3 (7)

September 30, 2015

 

Summaries

 

Suvorov Readings

Savinkin A. E. 

Suvorov's 'Science of Victory'

The article gives a holistic view of the Science of Victory reflected in numerous orders, teachings and letters of the great Russian commander, Alexander Suvorov. It shows specific features of the Suvorov’s military system and discloses basics of the ‘true art of war’ of the victorious army in the light of modern demands. A. Suvorov’s activities are considered in the context of the future to create the prominent Russian Federation Armed Forces.

Keywords:

Alexander Suvorov; "Science of Victory"; patriotism; martial arts; the morale of the troops; military education; training; offensive; professionalism; officer; soldiers; service; health; the laws of warfare; rebellion; good eye; intelligence.

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Sakun S.A.

Suvorov Readings as A New For of Studying Russian Military Classics  

The article disclosed the place and a role of the Russian military classics in the system of moral and psychological support of the army. It discusses basic works of A.V. Suvorov, M.I. Kutuzov, D.V. Davidov, E E. Messner, M.I. Dragomirov on the problem of moral and psychological support. The works are applied in the educational process at Military University and in the Suvorov Readings.

Keywords:

officers; moral and psychological support; Russian military classics; Suvorov Readings; Russian military miscellanea; A.V. Suvorov; M.I. Kutuzov; D.V. Davidov; E.E. Messner; M.I. Dragomirov.

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History of Science And Archaeology

Zolotarev V.A.

A. Suvorov, Russian Military Art of The Late XVIII Century And The Establishment of The New Warfare 

The article reveals the contribution of Alexander Suvorov, the great Russian commander, to the development of the military strategy and tactics, personnel training and education. It shows Suvorov’s life as the example of patriotic service to the Motherland and discusses the reasons behind the superiority of the Russian troops over other Western armies that allowed Russians win the wars in the XVIII century.

Keywords:

Alexander Suvorov; Grigory Potemkin; Pyotr Rumyantsev; Mikhail Kutuzov; commander; martial arts; strategy; tactics; the army; Russian weapons; war; fighting; bayonet blow; military education; training troops; historical experience.

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Kunts N.Z., Vladimirov A.I. 

Establishment And Development of Suvorov Military And Nakhimov Naval Schools 

The article discusses Suvorov Military and Nakhimov Naval Schools. It describes the establishment and development of the Suvorov Military, Nakhimov Naval and other cadets schools, which proved to be 'effective in the education and upbringing of patriotic-minded citizens devoted to serving the Fatherland'.

Keywords:

Suvorov Military School; Nakhimov Naval School; Cadet Corps; establishment; education; military-patriotic education.

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Kozlov A.V., Novozhilov V.Y.

Falsification of NKVD-MGB-MVD Activities In The Ukrainian Historiography 

The article discusses the main directions to falsify some aspects of the activities of the Internal Troops of the NKVD-MGB-MVD in Ukrainian historiography. It mainly deals with the attempts to distort the role of the NKVD-MGB-MVD in the elimination of nationalist groups and armed gangs in Western Ukraine in 1944-1953.

Keywords:

NKVD; MGB; MVD; Internal Troops; Western Ukraine; nationalism; armed underground resistance; history; falsification.

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Philosophical Sciences

Belozerov V.K.

Alexander Suvorov In Works of Carl Clausewitz 

The article contains analysis of the evaluation of A. Suvorov as a commander given by the German military theorist C. Clausewitz. It explains special aspects of Clausewitz`s arguments and the reasons and consequences of nonobjective judgments on theorist's works in Russia. The article emphasizes that Clausewitz highly appraised A. Suvorov and the Russian army. It also proves the necessity for further research into Clausewitz and Suvorov’s priceless heritage.

Keywords:

Carl von Clausewitz; Alexander Suvorov; policy; political theory; war; spiritual factor-tor; engagement; objective approach; method of research.

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Shavayev A.H. 

Essence of National Security And Approaches To Its Definition 

The article discusses the concepts of ‘security’, ‘danger’, ‘nation’, and ‘national interests’. It clarifies the nature of the national security and brings out a number of new unintentional threats to the society, which are not carefully enough disclosed in domestic researches. It also reveals the sources that create both intentional and unintentional threats to the modern Russian society. It proposes author 's vision on how to provide national security through harmonious development and improvement.

Keywords:

Security; danger; nation; Russian society; national interests; national security.

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Goryachev A.I. 

Cold War As A Global Ideological Conflict 

The article reveals the Cold War as a global civilizational conflict of the XX century. It mainly deals with the ideological components of the War and their impact on the economic, political and military struggle between the two world systems. The Cold War is, among other things, a vital ideological, political and military confrontation between the two socio-political systems riddled with philosophical and ideological origins. It proves the hybrid nature of the Cold War and shows its role in the collapse of the Soviet Union and the socialist system as well as the attempts to revive the system in contemporary international relations.

Keywords:

global confrontation; bipolar world; Cold War; civilizational war; hybrid warfare; psychological warfare; ideological conflict; mass consciousness; manipulation.

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Zamay N.N. 

Military-Professional Subculture As A Means To Create The Political Consciousness of The Russian Military 

The article deals with the specifics of the military-professional environment as the sphere to distribute the military-professional subculture. It discloses basic functions of a professional subculture and shows the impact of the art culture on the military-professional environment.

Keywords:

political consciousness; military personnel; art culture.

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Veremchuk V.I., Baranovskiy M.V. 

Social Characteristics And Peculiarities of The Process of Socialization of The Officer In The Modernization of The Armed Forces of The Russian Federation

The Article is devoted to the problems of socialization of the officer, its place in strengthening the morale of unit personnel of the Armed Forces. The authors present a social portrait of an officer of the modern Russian army, as well as selected features of the socialization of the military professional, the proposed social mechanisms of its optimization.

Keywords:

personality; officer; socialization; authority; confidence; moral and psychological state.

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Pedagogics

Shevtsov V.M., Kibakin M.V.

Competence Training Model For Associate Military Researchers (Adjuncts) In The Military And Humanitarian Direction: Problems of Development And Implementation 

The article presents a study about the development and implementation of the competence training of associate military researches (adjuncts) at the Military University. Based on the analysis of the current regulatory and legal framework the article shows the possibility of military educational institutions in the formation of university meta-competences, particularly the modular approach to the educational process. The authors propose measures for the development of competence-based approach in the transition to the new generations of educational standards.

Keywords:

Associate military researcher (adjunct); preparation; military and humanitarian field; educational process; competence; model; standard.

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Karayani A.G.

Technique of Use of A Metaphor In System of Interactive Training of Cadets 

The article proves the necessity of interactive training. It shows that the modern military expert should gain not only certain military-professional knowledge, but also flexible, systematic, adaptive and creative way of thinking. It reveals didactic properties of a metaphor as a means of active training and shows multidimensionality and the sense encoding in a metaphor that allow it to carry out the ‘getting’, opening, comprehension and training to disclose the ‘sense’ in the military. It provides the variant of a metaphor reflecting a basic trajectory of scientific research in a latent kind.

Keywords:

active training; interactive training; metaphor; algorithm; scientific research.

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Polyakov V.T., Emelyanov A.P., Ermakov Y.V.

Training of The Command Staff of The Armed Forces of The United Kingdom 

The article, based on the materials published in the Foreign Military Review, discusses main elements of the officer training system in the armed forces of the United Kingdom. It studies the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and the Royal College of Defense Studies to reveal main activities of the British military educational institutions. It reveals specifics in the operational and combat training of the Army as well as in the short-service commission. The research provides general conclusions about the officer training in the UK.

Keywords:

United Kingdom; armed forces; military education; military educational institutions; officers; recruitment; short-term service; operational training; combat training.

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Tynianovа O.N., Kalashnikov I.A. 

Military Education In Russia In The Second Half of XVIII Century As The Educational Phenomenon And A Means of Social Mobility 

The article discusses military education and training in the Russian Empire in the second half of XVIII century as the unique environment to create soldier and commander’s personality and also as the leading means of social mobility.

Keywords:

Russian Empire, military education, military training, social mobility.

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Stepanishchev A.T.

True Patriotism

The article is published within the framework of the research project, the Patriotic education of officer cadets and cadets in the educational process at the Military University. The article provides estimates of well-known personalities on the true and false patriotism, and the interaction between the true patriotism and universal ideals and values. It reveals the essence of military patriotism and basic qualities of a patriot. It analyzes the main factors influencing patriotic education of in the Russian Armed Forces.

Keywords:

military patriotism; duty; courage; “state - the army - the people”; globalization; new world order; geopolitical enemies; sanctions; terrorism; potential adversary.

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Honor, Conscience, Dignity! 

Semin V.P., Shihgafizov P.S.

Полководец А.В. Суворов – олицетворение высокой духовности и нравственности 

Военное воспитание и образование в Российской империи второй половины XVIII в. рассматривается и как уникальная среда формирования личности солдата и полководца и одновременно как ведущий механизм социального лифта.

Ключевые слова:

Российская империя; военное образование; воинское воспитание; социальный лифт.

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Kunts N.Z. 

Жизнь – Родине, честь – никому! 

Статья публикуется в рамках научного проекта «Воспитание патриотизма у слушателей и курсантов в образовательном процессе Военного университета». В ней приводятся оценки известных личностей о подлинном и мнимом патриотизме, взаимодействии подлинного патриотизма с общечеловеческими идеалами и ценностями. Раскрываются сущность воинского патриотизма и основные качества патриота. Анализируются основные факторы, оказывающие влияние на воспитание патриотизма в Вооружённых Силах РФ. Автор излагает свое видение патриотической ненависти, высказывает мысли о вероятном противнике в современных условиях.

Ключевые слова:

воинский патриотизм; долг; смелость; "государство ‒ армия ‒ народ"; глобализация; новый мировой порядок; геополитические враги; санкции; терроризм; вероятный противник.

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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ

КНИЖНАЯ ПОЛКА

Цифровое будущее военных библиотек 

11 сентября 2015 г. министр обороны Российской Федерации генерал армии С. К. Шойгу посетил Военный университет в целях ознакомления с презентацией электронных учебников и модели единой электронной библиотеки образовательных и научно-исследовательских организаций Министерства обороны.

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НАУЧНЫЙ ФОРУМ

Заключительный акт Второй мировой войны 

2 сентября 2015 г. в Военно-патриотическом парке культуры и отдыха Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации «Патриот» (Кубинка) Военный университет Минобороны России провел межвузовский ʺкруглый столʺ «Победа над Японией 1945 г. как заключительный акт Второй мировой войны: итоги и значение для современного мира». Цель ʺкруглого столаʺ – осмысление роли и значения Победы над Японией в 1945 г. в послевоенном мироустройстве и её влияния на развитие российской государственности.

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Аккредитационная экспертиза образовательных программ 

23 сентября 2015 г. Управление военного образования Министерства обороны Российской Федерации провело на базе Военного университета учебно-методический сбор с руководящим составом ведомственных образовательных и научно-исследовательских организаций и экспертами от Минобороны России на тему: «Аккредитационная экспертиза образовательных программ, реализуемых образовательными и научно-исследовательскими организациями Минобороны России в соответствии с актуализированными федеральными государственными образовательными стандартами».

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