2015 4 (8)

December 29, 2015

 

Summaries 

 

Relevant Heritage

Savinkin A.E.

“...My Work For The Benefit of The Motherland”: Outstanding Personality, Heroic Deeds And Essential Thoughts of Lieutenant General Andrey Snesarev of The Russian General Staff  

The review article provides a holistic view of the cherished heritage of the “Russian Sun Tzu” - Russian patriot and military orientalist General Andrey Snesarev (1865-1937). It reveals milestones of the extraordinary military leader and shows his struggle for the better future of Russia. It is particularly focused on A. Snesarev’s relevant ideas and recommendations for Russia and its Armed Forces, on his Chinese, Indian and Afghan lessons. The article greatly reveals his political and military ideas, analytical skills, and outstanding officer’s qualities.

Keywords:

Andrey Snesarev; protection of Russia; Russian policy; national interests; East; military geography; army; the laws of war; trends in warfare; revolution; "The forces of evil and terrorism"; geopolitics; military education; the quality of a military man; a method of practical training.

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Vashchenko N.V.

A. Snesarev’s Geopolitical Views 

The article discusses A. Snesarev’s geopolitical views. It considers in detail the stages of Snesarev’s development as a scientist and a geopolitician. It concludes that Snesarev’s key ideas retain their high relevance for present-day Russia and the new generation of wars.

Keywords:

Andrey Snesarev; geopolitics; military geography; war; military doctrine; army; Middle East.

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Danilenko I.S.

Who Is Interested In A. Snesarev Nowadays And Why? 

The article is devoted to the heritage of Lieutenant General A. Snesarev – scholar-scientist, Hero of World War I, Hero of Labor, three times Knight of the Order of St. George, and a person who was actively involved in the construction of the Red Army. It draws particular attention to the military oriental studies and the science of war as his key scientific activities. His heritage contains the ideas and approaches that may help resolve many of today’s problems, like the relationship between population and war. The author emphasizes that A. Snesarev’s ideas on this issue are undoubtedly useful and important for today’s researchers.

Keywords:

Andrey Snesarev; state; war; patriotism; the science; military demographics; population; oriental studies.

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History of Science And Archaeology

Nebrenchin S.M.

The Muslim East And The Russian Army 

This article is devoted to the historical experience of special activities of Russian military commanders and staffs in Islamic Central and South Asia and the Caucasus in XIX-XX centuries. The article presents the forms and methods of special activities among Muslim populace. As evidenced by the faulty practice of some military and political functionaries, to ignore these activities often had negative impact on combat operations and led to failures and unnecessary losses of personnel and materiel. It examines the organization of political activities among the Muslims of these regions and summarizes the experience of training the cadre of military orientalists. Of special interest is the analysis of the experience of military–political studies of some Muslim regions.

Keywords:

East; Muslims; population; Military-folk control; Russian army; commanders; staffs; enemy; military-political activity; orientalists; training; disinformation; psychological impact.

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Streletsky I.Y., Kurdyuk A.A. 

Officer Advanced Training Schools In The Russian Army (1882-1892) 

The article is devoted to the beginning of officer advanced training schools – military institutions established to allow officers improve their skills in order to get a promotion to a battalion-level position with the main combat arms of the Russian War Ministry. It discusses organization, manning, and educational process at basic officer advanced training schools: Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery. The decision to establish such educational institutions as well as their effectiveness are proved in the reports to the Minister of War, which highly evaluates the results of advanced officer training at the schools under consideration in the first decade of their activities.

Keywords:

Russian army; war minister; officers; command staff; military schools; advanced training; officer school; Infantry School; Cavalry School; Artillery School; theoretical training; practical lessons; final inspection.

[pdf]

Diaghilev V.V.

Decisive Battle of The Great Patriotic War (To The 74th Anniversary of The Battle of Moscow) 

The article is devoted to one of the decisive battles of the Great Patriotic War – the Battle of Moscow. The author analyzes the strategic component of the Battle as well as the reasons behind the successful counteroffensive of the Red Army when the Germans suffered their first major defeat in World War II. The article gives great attention to the testimony of the participants of the events.

Keywords:

Great Patriotic War; Red army; General staff; Wehrmacht; Army Group "Center"; Operation "Typhoon"; defense; counteroffensive.

[pdf]

Kiselev A.S.

Soviet General Who Signed The Japanese Instrument Of Surrender 

The article is devoted to extraordinary life of Lieutenant General K. Derevyanko who signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender onboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945. It analyzes his activities both as an intelligence officer in the interwar period and as the Chief of Staff of the Army in the largest operations of the Great Patriotic War. Moreover, the article briefly considers the reasons behind Stalin’s decision to appoint a little-known general, not foremost Marshals of the Soviet Union Zhukov and Vasilevsky, to sign the Japanese Instrument and looks onto the ceremony that finished World War II. The article gives particular attention to the activities of K. Derevyanko in postwar Japan within the Allied Council for Japan.

Keywords:

World War II; Great Patriotic War; Soviet-Japanese war, Japanese-Chinese war, Soviet-Finnish war, the interwar period; Red Army; Intelligence agency; Germany; Wehrmacht; Austria, Japan; USA; Instrument of Surrender.

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Filippovykh D.N.

At The Origins of The First Soviet Nuclear Submarine 

The article discusses the events of the late 1940s - early 1950s, the initial design stage of the first Soviet nuclear submarine. It provides a detailed analysis of the international situation when the government adopted the Project 627. The documents and materials presented in the article enable the wider scientific community to get acquainted with little-known pages of the Soviet uranium project.

Keywords:

Cold War; the USSR; Council of Ministers; First Chief Directorate; nuclear project; Navy; power unit; nuclear submarine; Academician A. Alexandrov; N. Dollezhal; Admiral N. Kuznetsov.

[pdf]

Krivenko A.M.

Experience And Lessons of Maintaining Global Strategic Stability (To The 60th Anniversary of The Signing of The Warsaw Pact) 

The article analyzes the necessity and importance of the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) as an alternative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established in 1949. The Warsaw Pact is considered as an essential element of the bipolar world order based on the results of the Second World War won by the Soviet Union in cooperation with other countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. It emphasizes that the Warsaw Pact initiated the creation of a permanent Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) then transformed into the relevant international organization. The 36-year Warsaw Pact period has become the most peaceful period of the European history in the military-political terms.

Keywords:

Warsaw Pact; WTO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization; NATO; bipolar world; Cold War; anti-Soviet activity; concept of deterrence; principles of peaceful coexistence; stability.

[pdf]

 

Philosophical Sciences

Tiushkevich S.A., Ilievskiy N.V.

World War II: Lessons of Victory Over Fascism 

The article is devoted to the importance of World War II and the Great Patriotic War for the fate of mankind. It discusses the threats of the fascist ideology and practice. It reveals liberation nature of the Great Patriotic War and historical meaning of the Victory. It stresses the importance of historical experience to effectively address the challenges of the Russian statehood strengthening and development. The particular attention is paid to the lessons of the Victory for modern Russia.

Keywords:

World War II; Great Patriotic War; liberation nature; history; fascism; meaning and lessons of Victory; Soviet people; historical experience; modernity.

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Kurochko M.M., Maslova M.V. 

Typology And Functions of A Language In The Context of Human Security And Social Projectivity 

The article reveals that the language may be rooted into the being via two ways: ontological and meonic. The first type of a language reveals the essence of life and world of things, promotes harmony between human beings and the world, and acts as the basis of human security and a means of the projectivity of the organic social being. The second type of a language is the invasion of a nothing that serves as a means to manipulate human consciousness and an instrument to destroy the projectivity of the social being.

Keywords:

language; social being; a nothing; human security; manipulation; harmony; social projectivity..

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Military Sciences

Potekhina M.I., Kireev I.A.

Concept And Contents of The Research Competence of Military Specialists 

The article discusses the research competence as a component of the professional training of a military specialist. It defines the concept of the research competence of a military specialist and reveals the contents of the concept through its mainframes.

Keywords:

Educational process; military specialist; competence; research competence.

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Stepanova E.E., Shevel P.P.

Authority of The Commanding Officer In Modern Command And Control System 

The article discusses the importance of the commanding officer’s authority for the modern command and control system. It is based on the results of the research of the Sociological Research Center conducted in spring 2015. The research determined the official, professional and personal authority of a commanding officer in the Armed Forces. The article highlights the most significant personal qualities of an ideal authoritative commander and summarizes the qualities, which, according to the ranks, the commander should possess. It outlines problems of the current state of the authority of the commanding officer as well as the ways to resolve them.

Keywords:

Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; officer; commanding officer; authority; personal qualities.

[pdf]

Polyakov S.P., Kaydalova N.S.

The Experience of Personnel Selection And Training For The Armed Forces of Leading NATO Countries (USA, UK and Germany)

The article discusses the professional selection and training for the Army and Navy of leading NATO countries. It reveals the history of professional selection and notes that it became an important political and economic activity of the state in the WWI and after it in the deteriorating military and political situation as well as due to the beginning of the technological revolution. It outlines strong points of the professional selection and training for the Armed Forces of NATO countries.

Keywords:

NATO; Armed Forces; Bundeswehr; profession; professional selection; vocational guidance; intelligence; testing; tests; group dynamics; technology.

[pdf]

Polyakov V.T., Emelyanov A.P., Ermakov Y.V. 

Officer Training For The United States Armed Forces 

The article is based on the materials published in the Foreign Military Review. It provides data about the elements of the system of training of officers for the United States Armed Forces and discusses main activities as well as training specialties of basic military institutions in the USA. It reveals peculiarities of special language training of officers and indoctrination specialists and provides a number of general conclusions about the system of training of officers for the US Armed Forces.

Keywords:

USA; Armed Forces; military education; military schools; officers; recruitment; professional training; language training; indoctrination.

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Nikitin O.A.

Peter-Suvorov School of Moral And Psychological Training of The Russian Army

The article discusses the secrets of the Suvorov’s school of moral and psychological education of troops for combat operations. It believes that the emergence of the genius of Suvorov was objectively predetermined by the continuing wars of the Russian Empire in the XVIII century; the establishment of the national regular army by Peter the Great in the early XVIII century and his system of morale strengthening; Catherine II that came to power and provided military practice with the ideas of the ‘enlightened absolutism’; and the emergence of a generation of progressive-minded generals. Those predetermined the establishment of the Suvorov’s school of moral and psychological education of troops.

Keywords:

Hostilities; moral and psychological training; education; morale; moral and fighting qualities.

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Society, State And Law 

Knyazeva E.G., Stepanishchev A.T.

«Patriotism of The National Supremacy» 

The article published within the project “Patriotic education of officer cadets and cadets in the educational process at Military University” is devoted to the criticism of the “patriotism” advocated by the United States as a factor of the US national superiority over the rest of the world. It shows the difference between nationalism and patriotism as well as the civilizational (societal) racism displayed by the USA in XX-XXI centuries. The article discusses the reasons behind the aggravation of the political and economic situation between Ukraine and Russia at the behest of the United States via its European satellites.

Keywords:

Nation, nationality; patriotism; great-power nationalism; national superiority; civilizational (societal) racism; pro-Americanism; double standards; terror; sanctions.

[pdf]

Savenkov A.N. 

International Legal Basis of The Russian Modern Criminal Policy

The article examines the issues of creation of the Russian criminal policy in the international legal framework to combat crimes in the second half of XIX - early XX centuries. It provides legal analysis of how international conventions and legal institutions in the field of protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms were implemented in the Russian legal system.

Keywords:

Criminal policy; combating crimes; international cooperation; legal implementation; international conventions; law enforcement; constitutional principles. 

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