2016 3 (11)

September 30, 2016

 

SUMMARIES 

Name in History

Savinkin A. E.

"The purpose of my life was the military service, homeland defense..."(To the 120th anniversary of Soviet Marshal G. Zhukov)

The article prepared by A. Savinkin, the editor of the Russian Military Journal, provides an overview of the cherished heritage of the "Suvorov of the twentieth century" – the outstanding commander Marshal Georgy K. Zhukov. It shows milestones in the biography of this extraordinary military leader. The particular attention is paid to the Zhukov’s art of vic-tory, topical ideas and thoughts of the military classic. It reveals some specialties of the Zhukov’s activity in the Great Patriotic War, when the Minister of Defense of the USSR (1955-1957), and in the military-scientific “front”. It reflects his struggle for the historical truth and his good name.

Keywords:

Geogrgy Zhukov; commander; Marshal; armed forces; command per-sonnel; The Great Patriotic War; military art; science of victory; opal.

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Runov V. A.

Warlord’s talent(To the 120th anniversary of Soviet Marshal K. Rokossovsky) 

The article discusses the life and battle way of the outstanding Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union Konstantin Rokossovsky, the Chevalier of the Order of the Victory. It shows his contribution to the development of the Russian art of war in the Great Patriotic War, both in defense and in attack, his ability for innovative approaches to resolve complex operational tasks.
Keywords:  
Konstantin Rokossovsky; Marshal; commander; The Great Patriotic War; strategic operation; artillery counter; the density of fire; antitank area; mobile defense; double barrage; victory parade.

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Savinkin A. E., Domnin A. I.

Field-Marshal D. Milutin and Russian military-geographical school(To the 200th anniversary of the military reformer)

The article is devoted to the 200th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding Russian military leader Dmitry Milutin. It shows his role and the importance of the individual in the creation of a new type of the army, in the development of the Russian military geographic school. It provides a brief overview of the activities and achievements of General Staff officers – D. Milutin's 'nest' in the military-geographical area. It formulates the task to revive the military-geographical traditions of the Russian army and navy, to study and use the scientific geographic heritage of the Russian military thought.
Keywords:  
Dmitri Milutin; Russian army; military reform; Military statistics; military geography; military geographic school; Arctic; North Pole; Middle Asia.

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Nikitin S. V.

Military leader, writer, patriot

The article is dedicated to the Hero of the Soviet Union Army General Valentin Varennikov, one of the most prominent figures of the Soviet and post-Soviet history. The war veteran honored to meet in Moscow and to carry the Banner of Victory, a prominent Soviet military commander – Commander of the Army, Deputy Minister of Defense, Chief of the Control Group of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR in Afghanistan, who led the development of the withdrawal plan and its practical implementation. One of the defendants in the Emergency Committee case, one of the arrested who refused to accept the amnesty and was acquitted by the court of law for the lack of evidence. The biography of V. Varennikov, who gave his entire life to the service to the Fatherland, shows that the above all for the officer is the honor. All the books by V. Varennikov are dedicated to the military duty and loyalty to the Motherland.
Keywords:  
Valentin Varennikov; army General; commander; victory parade; ground troops; Afghanistan; Emergency Committee; writer and patriot; officer's honor. 

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Chubenko V. M.

Gold Stars of the Military University

The article is published in the year of the 75th anniversary of the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War and is dedicated to the memory of the Soviet soldiers who died in the first battles against the invaders for the honor and freedom of our country. The author examines the history of the Military University and the high schools that became its part and parcel through the prism of the biographical information on the life and service of the Heroes of the Soviet Union, who studied, worked or served in these institutions. It reveals little-known information about the life of the chevaliers of the Gold Star Medal awarded the title for the heroic deeds committed in the Great Patriotic War.
Keywords:  
The Great Patriotic War; feat; Hero of the Soviet Union; patriotism; Military-Political Academy; Military Institute of Foreign Languages; Military Law Academy; Military University; graduate; martial traditions; memory.
[pdf]

 

MILITARY HISTORY

ZAPAD-81 – lessons learned

35 years ago, in September 1981, the USSR carried out the largest ZAPAD-81 operational and strategic maneuvers, which became a landmark in the development of the Soviet Armed Forces. Army General Professor Vladimir Lobov. Ph.D. in Military Sciences, who was the commander of the 28th Army, gives his thoughts on the results of this event.

Keywords:  

Armed Forces; The Warsaw Pact; operational and strategic maneuvers; Zapad-81; command and control; warlord; officers; soldiers; enemy; defense; readiness.

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The World War I

Shein I. A.

Mobilization of the Russian army and its personnel reinforcement in the First World War (1914-1918)

The article discusses the problem of the mobilization readiness and personnel reinforcement of the Russian army before and during World War I. It focuses on mobilization schedules as well as on the organization and execution of mobilization activities. It shows the process of the development of warfare strategic plans and the related modernization of mobilization schedules. It analyzes mobilization needs and the availability of mobilization reserves before the war and during the conduct of hostilities. 
Keywords:   
The World War I; Russian army; mobilization; mobilization schedule; mobilization plans; mobilization reserves; mobilization department; ascribed the composition; the combat capability of the troops; active army; combat losses. 

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Paraskevov V. S., Saksonov O. V.

The bloodiest battle of WWI (To the centenary of the end of the Somme River Operation)

The article is devoted to one of the most important operations of the First World War of 1914-1918, the Somme River Operation carried by the allied British and French troops against Germans on the Western Front (Northern France). The authors prove the operation revealed complete military and economic superiority of the Entente. The article discusses the operation in details and shows it involved a large number of troops and equipment, especially artillery and aircraft, while the number of killed in action was the greatest in the history of the First World War.

Keywords:   

The World War I; Entente; Germany; General base; military strategy; operational art; tactics; operation; Somme; position defense, tanks; combat losses.

[pdf]

 

The Great Patriotic War

Kiselev A. S.

'Do not provoke a war’: on the matter of the surprise German attack on the USSR on June 22, 1941.

On the eve of the 75th anniversary of the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War the author raises and considers the issues of the preparedness of the Soviet intelligence to provide the political and military leadership of the country with the information about Germany's preparations for the outbreak of the war as well as the reasons for the defeat of the troops of the western border districts in June and July 1941. The article gives a detailed analysis of successful disinformation activities by the German secret service that ensured a surprise attack on the Soviet Union. We consider the activities of the UK to push the German aggression against the Soviet Union. An important place is given to the study of errors in the plans of the General Staff of the Red Army for the initial period of war. 
Keywords:   
The Second World War; The Great Patriotic War; Red Army; Germany; Wehrmacht; the interwar period; initial war period; General Staff; Intelligence Agency; foreign intelligence; military intelligence; Barbarossa plan; disinformation; falsification.

[pdf]

 

Polyansky M. S.

History of the Battle of Kursk of 1943, the latest Russian and German fundamental research 

The article provides the results of the comparative analysis of the views and assessments of Russian and German historians on of the most important events of the Great Patriotic War – the Battle of Kursk in 1943. The research reveals the new facets of this key battle and is based on the little-known archival documents published recently in fundamental military-historical works in Russia and Germany.
Keywords:   
The Great Patriotic War; The Battle of Kursk; "Operation Citadel"; "Operation Kutuzov"; Operation "Rumyantsev"; Belgorod; Kursk; Eagle; tank battle.

[pdf]
 

Parshin V. V.

Soviet military science and military art in the Great Patriotic War

The article discusses the main aspects of the development of the Soviet military science and the military art of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. Specific examples show the superiority of the Soviet military art over the art of war of the enemy. It stresses the importance of the succeeding development of the Russian art of war in modern conditions.
Keywords:
The Great Patriotic War; military science; military art; strategy; operational art; tactics; battle; operation; battle; the battle; warlord; commander.

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MANPOWER

Patriotism is love to the benefit and glory of the fatherland 

5 years have passed since the establishment of the Veterans Council of the Military University. The period, which is relatively short for the young, is a significant date for the veterans. Moreover, we have carried out very serious work. Professor Colonel General Nikolai Fadeevich Kizyun, Ph.D. and Chairman of the Veterans Council, reveals his ideas on the role of the Council in the university life.
Keywords:
Military University; Veterans Council; organization; activities; patriotic education.

[pdf]

 

Lushnikov V. P.

Adaptation of the retired officers of the Armed Forces to the new social conditions of life and work

The article analyzes the social problems of adaptation of the retired officers to the new social conditions of a civil society. The contradictions arising in the process of the social adaptation of the officers need sociological understanding. While studying the sociological data the author formulates possible ways to improve the work of the public and military bodies and the civil society on the social adaptation of the officers retired from the military service.
Keywords:
military service; veteran; military pensioner; social and psychological adaptation; social protection; employment; military pension; housing; health care; motivation; value orientations.

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Vetrov M. N.

Elite of the Russian Statehood

The article discusses various aspects of the establishment and operation of the Russian Imperial Life Guards elite unit – a special company of palace grenadiers within the research into military traditions, both material and spiritual values of previous generations. It shows that the traditions of the "golden company" were succeeded by the 1st Moscow Revolutionary Machine-Gun School, the now famous Moscow Higher Military Command School.
Keywords:
military tradition; the continuity of generations; Guard; "Golden company"; officers; grenadiers; machine-gun school; Kremlin cadets.

[pdf]

 

Shevtsov V. M., Stepanishchev A. T.

Religion in patriotic education of the military

The article discusses the role of the religion in the patriotic education of Fatherland defenders in different historical periods. In various times the religion was often persecuted and severely restricted in its activities, and the independence from the State, especially in the Soviet era. It proves the restoration of church-state relations in the post-Soviet period. On the basis of the historical facts and experience we conclude that there is a stable spiritual and religious traditions in our Armed Forces. The experience gained, according to the authors, should be used in the present conditions.
Keywords:
serviceman; education; religion; history; Russian Orthodox Church; the Holy Synod; Orthodox mission; priest; feat.

[pdf]
 

Kizyun G. V.

Image of the Holy Russia Russian in philosophical tradition the late XIX - mid XX century

The article analyzes the issues of the historical destiny of Russia through the philosophical understanding of love and heart, the good and evil, and also though the achievement of an ideal human society as the ultimate target and highest blessing for all people.
Keywords:
Holy Russia; Christianity; true; good; evil; love; creation. 

[pdf]
 

Kolnoshenko V. I., Kolnoshenko O. V.

Theoretical and practical aspects of the implementation of the state cultural policy in Armed Forces of the Russian

The article analyses the nature and tasks of modern cultural policy of Russia. It reveals a new approach to the understanding of culture as the development force of the modern society. It describes the objectives and main directions of the realization of the state cultural policy in various fields. The main attention is paid to the analysis of the goals and objectives of the cultural policy in the cultural and leisure work of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. 
Keywords:
culture; State cultural policy; Armed Forces; cultural and leisure activities; professional education; humanization; student-centered approach.

[pdf]

 

Sakun S. A.

Advocacy in the Russian military operation in Syria

The article deals with the role of the advocacy in Russia's military operations in Syria in 2015-2016. It provides a comparative analysis of the coverage of the operation by foreign and Russian media. While studying the advocacy experience in Syria, the author analyzes the problematic issues of the protection of troops (forces) from the negative information and psychological impact of the foe.
Keywords:
Russia; Syria; armed forces; advocacy; MASS MEDIA; information; enemy; Information and psychological effects; protection of troops (forces).
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