2017 1 (13)

March 31, 2017

 

SUMMARIES

MEMORABLE DATES

For the Russian land!

(To the 775th anniversary of the Battle on the Ice)

The article analyzes the historical conditions of the military aggression and expansion of the Catholic West European states into the north-eastern Russia in the first half of the XIII century. On the basis of the written sources and a wide range of works of pre-revolutionary Russian historians and modern scholars it gives a systematic description of the events related to the struggle of the Russian lands against the crusaders’ aggression, shows the battle formation and tactics of the Russian troops in the Battle on the Ice, Lake Chudskoe, discloses essential features of the strategic talent of Alexander Nevsky, which appeared in the Battle on the Ice, justifies the historical significance of the battle.

Keywords: north-east Russia; Novgorod land; Alexander Nevskiy; Russian army; Warband; The Livonian Order; Battle on the Ice; Lake Chud.

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Tiushkevich Stepan Andreevich

To the great feat - the victory over fascism in the Battle of Moscow

The article discusses the importance of the Battle of Moscow in the Soviet victory in the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War in the context of modern civilization development in Russia and the further fate of mankind. It is alleged that the Battle of Moscow was a turning point and a radical change in the war. The article discloses the following notions: "radical change", "a turning point in the war" and "twist in the war". It shows their methodological significance for the understanding of the value of the Great Victory over fascism. It emphasizes the importance of the victory in the Battle of Moscow to effectively address the problems of the Russian statehood development.

Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; Battle for Moscow; Stalingrad; The Battle of Kursk; a radical change; anti-Hitler coalition; a Great Victory; historical experience; traditions.
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Kiselev Alexander Sergeevichб Goryachev Vadim Borisovich 

The defeat of the German forces in the counter-offensive of the Red Army near Moscow did not turn out to be a disaster for them

On the eve of the 75th anniversary of the end of the counterattack near Moscow in December, 1941 the author puts and considers a question of why the first great defeat of the German troops on the Soviet-German front did not become a catastrophic crash for them. It gives numerous digital materials and also affirms that during the counterattack near Moscow the change not only in the Great Patriotic War, but also in the entire World War II began. The special importance to the success of the Red Army is in the fact that it has been made in the situation of the numeral superiority of the German troops. The article analyzes the factors behind the defeat of the enemy: successful solution of a problem of time of the counterattack, suddenness, large reserve forces involved, courage of the Soviet soldiers, etc.

Keywords: World War II; Great Patriotic War; Red Army; Germany; Wehrmacht; plan "Barbarossa"; "overnight war"; counterattack near Moscow; winter campaign 1941/42 of; heroism of the Soviet soldiers.
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DEFENSE AND SECURITY

PROLOGUE TO “GREAT SHATTERS”

Interview with Army General Vladimir Lobov, Dr. of Sc. (Military), Professor

The December events of 1986 in Alma-Ata did not find wide coverage in the Soviet press. However, they have become a significant event of the perestroika times, which are still being widely discussed. On the causes, consequences and conclusions – an interview with a person, who played one of the key roles in resolving the situation.

Keywords: personnel policy; the Kazakh elite; Central Asian Military District; commander of troops; Alma-Ata; mass riots; the youth; bringing order.
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Military classics

Danilenko Ignat Semenovich

Current value of the heritage of A. A. Svechin in the development of strategic thinking

The article analyzes the ideas of A.A. Svechin on the strategic thinking and their significance for the present. It discusses them and shows the attitude to the work of the outstanding military theorist and thinker in different periods of history, highlights its value to the present and to the development of creative and strategic thinking and a strategy for all the spheres.

Keywords: strategy; strategic thinking; A. Svechin; A. Snesarev; М. Tukhachevsky; artistic heritage; patriotism; political leadership; military leadership; war; doctrine.
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Security challenges

Filippovykh Dmitry Nikolaevich

The game in the «Unthinkable»: German card

The article provides a retrospective analysis of military-political developments on the European continent on the eve of the victory over Nazi Germany in the early postwar months. It was then Prime Minister Winston Churchill instructed the Staff of the United planning of the war Cabinet of Great Britain to prepare a plan for emergency operations against the Soviet Union, code-named «Unthinkable». The developers of the plan put a great role on the German military units stationed in the British zone of occupation in Germany. The materials cited in the article, give the opportunity to the wider scientific community to see the little-known pages of history.

Keywords: Soviet Union; UK; USA; Germany; Western allies; "operation Unthinkable"; the German military forces; zones of occupation in Germany.

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Remarchuk Valery Nikolaevich, Chaevich Alexander Vladimirovich

Organization of the Collective Security Treaty as a factor of stability in the post-Soviet space

The article analyzes the causes and factors of the creation of the CIS collective security system. The authors research into the causes and conditions of the military-political cooperation in the post-Soviet space, considering the genesis of the collective security system. It analyzes the stages of the formation and development of the collective security system, explains the role of the Organization of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) in the security of its members and stability in the post-Soviet space.

Keywords: post-Soviet space; collective security; Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); of the Treaty on Collective Security Organization (CSTO); Russian Federation; national interests; regional security threats.

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Sakun Sergey Alexandrovich 

Special features of the information interaction between Russia and the CSTO member-states

The article presents the results of the analysis of the information interaction between the Russian Federation and the CSTO countries in 1992-2016. It outlines the main stages of the information interaction, particularly analyzes the activities of the state and military agencies in the area of the information interaction with each member-state. It shows that the information interaction contributed to the transformation of the CSTO (by 2016) in a new geopolitical structure that is functioning on new organizational principles, but retains its integrity.

Keywords: CSTO; information interaction; Russia; Armenia; Belarus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan.

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Kaftan Vitaly Viсtorovich, Kaftan Viсtor Vital'evich 

Humanitarian technologies of modern warfare

The article is about a humanitarian space of modern war. It reveals high dependence of successful military operations and victory itself on the level of humanitarian factor. The analysis of humanitarian dangers substantiates the necessity of their thorough research. The article also stresses the necessity to redouble attention to the elements of the humanitarian technologies of modern warfare.

Keywords: warfare; konstsiental warfare; humanity; humanitarian technology; value; axiological deconstruction; cultural imprinting.

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MILITARY PERSONNEL

Historical memory

Kurdyuk Alexander Anatolevich, Streletsky Igor Yakovlevich

The first secondary military educational institution to advance the officers, technical specialists of the Russian army

The article is devoted to the history of the Military Electrical and Technical School, engaged in the training of personnel for the engineering troops of the Russian army in the late XIX - early XX century. The authors, using archival data, discuss the structural organization of the school, its staffing with non-permanent personnel, the organization of the educational process and its material and technical support. The particular attention is paid to the research and experimental work of lecturers and cadets which contributed to the development of the military-technical thought. It highlights the contribution of the school to the development of field engineering, as well as to the introduction and development of radio communications in the army and navy.

Keywords: Engineering troops; Military-electrical school; training; practical lessons; material and technical base; experimental and practical work; subversive business; telegraph; telephone business; radio communication; inventions; technical development.
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Gritsina Alexey

History of the Bogorodsky Regiment: events and people

The article is dedicated to the 209th infantry Bogorodsky regiment, which history is inextricably linked with the history of Bogorodsk (now Noginsk). Based on the archival, museum and family data, it restores milestones of the regiment’s creation and combat path. The particular attention is paid to the history of the saving of the regimental Banner of St. George. The research carried out by the city administration and a number of public organizations to recreate the regimental history, in the opinion of the author, contributes to preserving the historical memory and patriotic education of Russian citizens.

Keywords: The history of Noginsk; World War I; the 209th infantry Bogorodsky regiment; officers; St. George's Flag; Saving the banner; Protopriest Philotheus, military-patriotic education.
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Patriotic Education

Borisnev Sergey Viсtorovich

Promoting patriotism in the process of formation of historical consciousness of members of the Armed Forces of Russia

The article raises the problem of how to teach patriotism with the servicemen through the active formation of their historical consciousness. It shows that the process of the cognition of history by a person is the processing of historical information into a set of representations of society as a whole and its social groups in isolation, of its past and the past of all mankind. From a critical point of view it considers the existing regulatory documents that determine the conduct of military history work in the Russian Armed Forces and the practice of its implementation. The author concludes that the complexity of the formation in modern conditions of historical consciousness is the modern research situation, which is characterized by some uncertainty in the understanding of its object and content. A discussion on the indicated problem is proposed, including within scientific journals.

Keywords: education; patriotism; Fatherland; history; historical consciousness; military-historical work; armed forces; serviceman; citizen.

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Stepanova Elena Evgenievna, Baranovsky Maxim Vital'evich

Experience of sociological research of children's and youth military patriotic organizations: based on the all-Russian social movement "Yunarmia"

The article analyzes one of the aspects of the work of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on patriotic education of Russian citizens – the creation of a youth organization "Yunarmija". Based on the results of sociological research, the authors assess the level of patriotic consciousness of members of the movement, basic moral principles and social feelings. On the basis of expert opinion – leaders and teachers "Yunarmija" analyses the main issues of the organization of patriotic work with young people and the importance of this movement in creating an effective system of military-patriotic education in Russia.

Keywords: youth policy; social movement; "Yunarmija"; patriotic education, the organization of patriotic work; sociological support.

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Maneyev Igor Valeryevich, Shcherba Andrey Anatolevich

State-Patriotic worldview of the Russian national guardsmen

The article examines the scientific and theoretical foundations and some problems of the formation of the outlook of guardsmen. It analyzes socio-political prerequisites and approaches to the theoretical review, the conditions for the formation and development of the worldview of the servicemen of the new structure as well as their state-patriotic content. The authors come to the conclusion that the creation of the new structure of the modern Russian state is impossible without the formation of a conscious attitude of the servicemen to the socio-political reality, high spirituality and state-patriotic worldview.

Keywords: methodology; analysis; social philosophy; personality; consciousness; the spiritual world of a soldier; worldview; the national idea; patriotism; civil-Patriotic position; state-Patriotic worldview.

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Military education

Kucherenko Valery Leontievich

Optimization of the organization of the intensive training of the officers of the Russian National Guard in the course of professional training

The article discusses major activities of commanders and staffs for the organization of professional training in the troops of the national guard of the Russian Federation. It proposes key directions to the optimization of the process. In the author's opinion, it is possible to achieve the results through the scientific organization of military pedagogical work, improvement of the educational and material base, creation and maintaining of a favorable moral and psychological climate in the military unit (subunits).

Keywords: National Guard; troops; vocational training; experimental work; Methods; methods; means of teaching.
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Kiryushin Alexey Nikolaevich

Functions and role of games in the context of social practices

The article discusses the social and philosophical conceptualization of the problem of the game and game processes in modern social practices. The author analyzes the existing generally accepted points of view on the functions and social role of the problem of the game, transforms its content to the field of social practices in the military sphere. It gives characteristics to the basic social functions of the game: entertaining, communicative, symbolic, socializing, constituting, therapeutic, cognitive, pedagogical, utilitarian.

Keywords: a game; the game process; playing; war games; social practices; functions; social role.
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Gulyaev Vladimir Nikolaevich, Ivanov Evgeniy Sergeevich, Loginov Igor Petrovich, Khasanov Robert Sharifiyanovich

On the issue of the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel at the present stage of the development of the higher military school

The article presents the substantiation of the idea of self-development of the individual in the activity that is the basis for the design and implementation of the model for the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel in the higher military educational institutions and is corresponding to the imperatives of continuous qualitative changes in the military pedagogical process. The research is based on the experience of the creation and functioning of such a model at the Military University. The main result of the study is an attempt to design and implement a model of scientific and pedagogical preparation of the associates (adjuncts) of higher military schools, which is aimed at the self-development of an individual.

Keywords: higher education; Higher military school; Scientific and pedagogical staff; Adjuncture; Adjuncts; preparation; training; Self-development; Reflexive self-organization of learners; Model of activity.

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Scientific work

Legal aspects of the assessment of the performance of research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of Russia 

The article, based on the analysis of world experience and norms of the Russian legislation, provides principal approaches and legal bases for the assessment of the effectiveness of the activities of research organizations. It gives proposals on the improvement of the methodology for the assessment of the performance of research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Keywords: normative legal acts; scientific work; research organization; methodology; monitoring; publications; performance evaluation; efficiency.
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Kandybko Natalia Victorovna, Parshakov Alexander Sergeyevich

Conceptual approach to the performance evaluation of research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation 

In article topical issues of improvement of assessment of effectiveness of activity of research establishments of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation are considered, author's approach to development of criteria, indicators, their threshold values and the generalized indicator of effectiveness (efficiency) of scientific activity is formulated.

Keywords: a military and scientific complex; research establishments; indicators of effectiveness; resource intensity and efficiency of scientific work; criteria and indicators of assessment; their threshold values; the generalized indicator of effectiveness and monitoring of scientific activity.
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SCIENTIFIC FORUM

Our force in unity

February 9, 2017. – The Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation held an international scientific and practical conference – The Unity of the Peoples of the USSR as a Basic Factor for the Defeat of Hitler’s Fascism: civilizational significance and lessons for the present. The organizers of the scientific forum were the Military Philosophical Society of the National Association of Reserve Officers of the Armed Forces, the Public Council to the Ministry of Defense of Russia and the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.
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You must be a patriot,You must be a citizen…

A monograph – You Must be a Patriot, You Must be a Citizen – was published. In developing the research, the authors tried, on the one hand, to give readers a general idea of the patriotic education of a citizen in Russia and, on the other, to show the peculiarities of the upbringing of patriotism and citizenship among the teachers, officer cadets and cadets (students) of the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. These goals determine the main character of the monograph.
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In memoriam of the veterans of the Afghan war

The eyewitness and participant of the Afghan events V. Larionov published a book – Afghanistan. Start. How it was (memories of the war). The author examines the events related to the deployment, invasion and conduct of combat operations by the personnel of the 108th motorized rifle division in Afghanistan during the initial period of the war from December 1979 to December 1981.
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Going ahead 

On the eve of the Fatherland Defender’s Day, the Military University summarized the results of the annual competition for the title of the best organizers of the educational process, best lecturer and researchers. An important element of the contest was the publication of the 15th issue of the Going Ahead collection, which reflects the main stages of the professional and personal formation of the winners of the contest, summarizes the best practices of their pedagogical and research activities.
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International humanitarian law and the media 

The first issue of the scientific journal Actual Problems of International Humanitarian Law and the Media was published..
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