Savinkin Alexander Evgenjevich
“HOPING FOR THE PEACE, WE DO NOT HAVE TO WEAKEN IN THE ART OF WAR...”
(To the 345th anniversary of the birth of Peter the Great)
The historical and philosophical essay prepared by A. E. Savinkin, editor of the Russian Military Collection, provides a general idea of the military legacy of Peter the Great, the outstanding state and military figure of Russia, the founder of the regular army and navy, a wise military leader and thinker. Particular attention is drawn to the example of the personal patriotic service of Peter the Great to the Russian state, its desire to establish the country as a military power. Peter’s science to win is revealed. Historical and modern material proves the need to transform the process of modernization of the Armed Forces into a more large-scale phenomenon called the military renaissance based on the development of the spiritual forces of the army, the use of the indications and provisions of the national military classics.
Keywords: Peter the Great; army; military reform; reformer; commander; military art; North War; Russia; patriotism; armed forces; Syria; military renaissance.
Gavrishchuk Vladimir Vladimirovich
Military transformations of Peter the Great in the domestic historiography
The article is devoted to the historiography of the key issues of the Petrine military reforms. It is written on the basis of the author’s extensive analysis of military historical literature, published documents, and archival materials. The judgments of domestic and foreign historians on the main issues related with the transformations of Peter the Great in the military sphere are considered. A wide range of views on the same issue, on the same historical fact, in the opinion of the author, confronts modern historians with the task of establishing the truth through a thorough and detailed study of the military reforms of the Petrine period with the involvement of documentary sources.
Keywords: historiography; researchers; problem; judgments; Peter the Great; state; war; armed forces; regular army; fleet; military reform.
Sorochkin Alexander Sergeevich
Formation of the military investigative apparatus during the period of the legislative reforms of Peter the Great
The article analyzes the process of origin of military investigative bodies. Various points of view on this issue are presented. The ambiguous approaches of jurists and historians to the issue of emergence of the first bodies of preliminary investigation in Russia are compared. Significant attention is paid to the examination of the Order to the “major” investigation chambers approved by Peter the Great.
Keywords: Peter the Great; reforms; military criminal proceedings; pre-trial proceedings; military investigative bodies; bodies of preliminary investigation; “major” investigative chambers; officers.
Prilepskiy Valeriy Yurievich, Semenov Alexander Alexeevich.
Dangerous conjunction: “hybrid wars” and “color revolutions”
The article discusses the problems of counteracting the use of modern destructive social technologies reformatting the political space with the help of “hybrid wars” understood as a form of undeclared, secret military actions of one state against state structures, the regular army and the population of the adversary and the so-called “color revolutions” as a political technology regarding the peaceful replacement of undesirable political regimes. Based on the analysis of modern political science literature, a conclusion is made about the increasing possibility of the complex application of these technologies against our country. A number of measures is proposed in the political sphere in order to ensure the national security of Russia in these conditions.
Keywords: state; military organization; armed forces; confrontation; hybrid threat; conflict; hybrid war; “color revolution”; maintenance of security.
Nebrenchin Sergey Mikhailovich
Soft power: theory and practice
The paper presents the analysis of “softpower” and “hybridwarfare” concepts. The nature and content of the influence of “soft power” on the institutions of the state and society are disclosed, and the nature of controlled chaos is considered. The main priorities of the national system of “soft power” are defined. The author comes to the conclusion about the need to move from information defense to offensive initiatives in this area.
Keywords: state; society; management institutions; hybrid wars; information war; “soft power”; “mainstream”; controlled chaos; subversive operations; strategic initiative; information sovereignty; information security; information interaction; personnel training.
Krivenko Anatoly Michailovich
Humanitarian aspects of the Syrian operation in the mirror of the information war
The operation of Russian Aerospace Forces in Syria not only gave us invaluable combat experience, but also gave us an opportunity to learn important lessons in the conduct of information and psychological confrontation. Based on the analysis of publications of Russian and foreign media, the author analyzes the main directions and methods of struggle in this area. The directions of the information attack of the Western media regarding Russia’s actions in Syria are examined. It is concluded that the ability of the state to withstand the opposition in the information warfare is one of the main factors of the safe development of the state and the stability of its public system functioning.
Keywords: Syria; Russia; aerospace forces; operation; information war; information-psychological struggle; information confrontation; mass media; methods of work..
Smirnov Pavel Alexadrovich
On certain trends in the development of terrorism ideology
The article reveals certain trends in the development of the ideology of terrorism in the territory of the Russian Federation. The author uses materials collected during official missions to the North Caucasus Region in order to assess the ideology of terrorism. Some reasons causing changes in the ideology of terrorism are considered. An approach is presented for assessing the effectiveness of the fight against terrorism through the prism of the goals and objectives proclaimed by the leaders of terrorist organizations.
Keywords: ideology; terrorism; terrorist activities; Islam; Wahhabists; gang formation; terrorist act; explosions; punishment.
Burtny Konstantin Petrovich
Cooperation of the CIS countries in the fight against terrorism
The article examines the main milestones of the establishment and development of relations of the CIS countries in the field of countering terrorism. The analysis cover the interaction of states in the field of counteraction and struggle against terrorism, the development of legal and regulatory framework, as well as the practice of cooperation of the CIS states and their competent bodies in this sphere.
Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States; CIS; security; terrorism; threat; fight; interaction; legislation; antiterrorist center.
Pages of Military history
Kiselev Alexander Sergeevich
"From the enemies shakes the soul, and gives his courage! "(On the first combat use of field reactive artillery of the Red Army)
On the eve of the 76th anniversary of the first combat use of the field rocket-launching artilleryof the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War, the author examines the issues of its creation in the interwar years, field trials and acceptance for service. An important place is given to the analysis of the development of the field rocket-launching artilleryof the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War, the psychological impact of its use on the enemy troops and Soviet soldiers. The author gives his judgments on the main advantages and disadvantages of using rocket-launching installations during the war. A special attention in the article is paid to Captain Ivan Flerov, commander of the 1st experimental battery of the Red Army’s field rocket-launching artillery.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; the Red Army; the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army; field rocket-launching artillery; multiple launch rocket system; “Katyusha”; battery; captain Flerov.
Baykov Yuriy Arcadievich, Ustinov Alexander Andreevich
Tactics lessons of 1944(experience of delivering an assault aviation strike on the opponent’s airfield)
The article gives a detailed descriptive reenactment of the air strike of May 2, 1944 delivered by the 5th Assault Air Corps on the Lvоv airfield of the German fascist aviation. The authors notice basic principles of the military art masterfully implemented in the preparation of and during the strike. The authors highlight methods and tactical maneuvers used by the aircrafts’ crews and their heroism, bravery and fearlessness. According to the authors of the article, the experience of organizing and performing assault air strikes against enemy airfields is still relevant in modern military theory and practice.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; assault aviation; air corps; attack aircraft; fighter; airfield; fighting; air strike; flak.
“WHEN I WAS LIEUTENANT, ONE COULDN’T IMAGINE MILITARY ROUTINE WITHOUT POLITICAL OFFICERS”
Interview with Colonel-General Nikolai Fadeevich Kiziun, Chairman of the Council of Veterans of the Military University
“Unfortunately, in peacetime the work of political officers is sometimes viewed as patronizing, but smart commanders, especially those who took part in combat actions, understand that such fatherlike work with people as before always gave and still gives there, where it is, very positive results in both peaceful and combat conditions”. Colonel-General N. F. Kiziun shared his views on the historical aspects of personnel training for educational, political and cultural enlightening work in the Army and the Navy. He also told about his career as a political worker.
Keywords: commissar; political officer; personnel; officer; educational work; Military-Political Academy; military-political school; department.
Arzamaskin Yuriy Nikolaevich
“To improve political and organizing work in the masses of soldiers”: for the 50th anniversary of establishment of military political defense colleges in the Soviet Union Armed Forces
The article reviews the reasons and the necessity of establishment of the military political defense colleges net to train political workers for all branches of the Soviet Union Armed Forces. It is underlined that military education was guided by the dominant Marxist-Leninist ideology. That was a special feature of studying in these establishments. It is concluded that the established practice of organizing the educational process in these military educational colleges as a whole proved its viability and ensured the solution of the tasks of training the staff of different units of the political commissariat for the needs of the Army and Navy.
Keywords: USSR, armed forces; military-political schools; political workers; party political work; education; training; upbringing; moral and psychological preparation.
Masyagin Vladimir Pavlovich, Vasiliev Andrey Yurievich .
Professional training of Russian Navy officers for the organization of moral and psychological support in the post-Soviet period (1997-2012)
By the example of the Navy the article reviews the issues of the organization and contents of the officers-instructors training during the formation of the Russian Armed Forces. The article shows that the growing problems with the organization of educational work in the Army and the Navy and its personnel in the post-Soviet period have put the military leadership of the country in front of the need to revive the system of training officers for personnel agencies. Argumentation of the grounds for the establishment of the Humanities Department of the Naval Institute named after A. S. Popov is presented. The basic directions of activity of the department for preparation of officers on the "Organization of moral and psychological support" specialty are considered during 10 years of its activity.
Keywords: the Navy; educational work; moral and psychological support; preparation; officers; Naval Institute named after A. S. Popov; humanitarian faculty; academic plan; teachers; cadets.
Dudoladov Alexander Alexeyevich
Pedagogical orientation of military-professional training of students in higher military educational institutions as a factor of pedagogical competence formation
The article discusses the need to strengthen the pedagogical orientation of military-professional training of students in military educational institutions. The conditions for the formation of the students’ interested conscious attitude to mastering the pedagogical competences and increasing students’ activity during the educational process by means of improving the methodology for conducting training sessions are determined. The author suggests the sequence of formation of pedagogical knowledge, skills, abilities, pedagogical competence, creative pedagogical thinking of military specialists – future scientific and pedagogical workers of higher military educational institutions.
Keywords: higher military educational institution; faculty members; student; cadet; attendee; military-professional training; pedagogical training; motivation; pedagogical activity.
Gulyaev Vladimir Nikolaevich, Ivanov Evgeniy Sergeevich , Loginov Igor Petrovich, Khasanov Robert Sharifiyanovich
On the issue of the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel at the present stage of the development of the higher military school
The article presents the substantiation of the idea of self-development of the individual in the activity that is the basis for the design and implementation of the model for the training of scientific and pedagogical personnel in the higher military educational institutions and is corresponding to the imperatives of continuous qualitative changes in the military pedagogical process. The research is based on the experience of the creation and functioning of such a model at the Military University. The main result of the study is an attempt to design and implement a model of scientific and pedagogical preparation of the associates (adjuncts) of higher military schools, which is aimed at the self-development of an individual.
Keywords: higher education; Higher military school; Scientific and pedagogical staff; Adjuncture; Adjuncts; preparation; training; Self-development; Reflexive self-organization of learners; Model of activity.
Military training and patriotic upbringing
Fomenko Petr Petrovich
The activities of the Red Army command to organize political work to unite multinational military collectives during the Great Patriotic War
The article deals with the problem of Red Army multinational military collectives unity during the Great Patriotic War. The role of the military command and political agencies on the organization and conduction of political and individual-educational work with the Red Army personnel of non-Russian nationality is shown. The main directions, forms, means and ways of ensuring moral and political stability in this category of personnel are disclosed.
Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; military collective; Red Army men; command; political agencies; political instructor; political work; propaganda; moral stamina.
Maneyev Igor Valeryevich, Shcherba Andrey Anatolevich
State-Patriotic worldview of the Russian national guardsmen
The article examines the scientific and theoretical foundations and some problems of the formation of the outlook of guardsmen. It analyzes socio-political prerequisites and approaches to the theoretical review, the conditions for the formation and development of the worldview of the servicemen of the new structure as well as their state-patriotic content. The authors come to the conclusion that the creation of the new structure of the modern Russian state is impossible without the formation of a conscious attitude of the servicemen to the socio-political reality, high spirituality and state-patriotic worldview.
Keywords: methodology; analysis; social philosophy; personality; consciousness; the spiritual world of a soldier; worldview; the national idea; patriotism; civil-Patriotic position; state-Patriotic worldview.
Veremchuk Vladimir Igorevich, Lukinov Alexander Leonidovich
The current state of the sociological support of military control
The author's approach to the essence and understanding of sociological support in the Russian Armed Forces, its place and role in the control of troops (forces) is considered in the article. On the base of the study results conducted by the authors, the features of the current state of the sociological conduct of military control are analyzed. The problems of organization and contents of sociological support in military units are singled out. It emphasizes the importance of the issues under consideration to improve the effectiveness of control in the modern Russian army.
Keywords: military administration; sociological support; military-social technology; study; problem; subject; the respondent.
Instructor – officer
On March 28, 2017, within the framework of the events dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the formation of higher military-political schools, a scientific and practical conference on the topic “The Deputy Commander for Work with the Personnel – organizer of moral and psychological support of troops (forces): history, continuity, state and prospects” was held in the Congress Hall of the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The conference was attended by representatives of the state authorities and military administration of the Russian Federation, veterans of the political and educational work of the Armed Forces: former chiefs and graduates of higher military and political schools.
Information educational environment: on the way to a new quality of military education
On May 24, 2017 a seminar on the topic:"Information education environment for the training of military personnel" was held in the Military University. Representatives of educational organizations of higher education and military authorities of the Russian Defense Ministry took part in it. The topic of the seminar was very relevant, as its goal is the development of a common understanding of the directions for the creation (development) of single information educational environment for the training of military personnel in the military education system of the Russian Defense Ministry in the short and long term. Actually, this is the first forum, where the results of the transition of military universities to training with the use of electronic textbooks were analyzed.
Extremism doesn’t fit in military collectives
On May 16, 2017, a methodological seminar on "Actual problems of countering extremism in military collectives" was held in the Military University. The main goal was to analyze the workmanshipof university officials on the spiritual, cultural and moral development of cadets, including the education of their interethnic and interreligious tolerance, international and communication feelings, their protection from the ideology of extremism disseminated through information and communication technologies.
We are the grandsons of commissars, the sons of political officers
"We are the grandsons of the commissars, the sons of political officers." These words from the song became the title of the book presented on March 28, 2017 at the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. It was noted that "this book is the only publication in the history of the country evaluating the activity of the educational institutions system of the same profile training of specialists." The book "We are the grandsons of commissars, the sons of political officers" both in its contents and in form is a high-quality jubilee edition dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the establishment of higher military-political schools.
To burnpeople's heart with the word...
A notable event in the life of the Military University was the publication of the book “To burn people's heart with the word…” Essays on the History of Soviet Military-Political Educational Institutions, "devoted to the 50th anniversary of the establishment of higher military-political schools. The publication consisting of five essays is the first experience of a generalized, holistic study of the history of the establishment and development of Soviet military-political educational institutions in the period from 1918 to 1991. Based on the study and generalization of archival documents, the works of Russian scientists, socially Political and memoirs, periodical press materials, the authors sought to analyze historical facts through the prism of the general stages of the construction of the Soviet Armed Forces and changes in the structure of political bodies in the period under study.
International humanitarian law and media
A regular issue of the journal "Actual Problems of International Humanitarian Law and the Media" was published. It is published with the participation of the Center for Research on the Activities of Information Services and the Media in Armed Conflicts at the Institute of Journalism, Communication and Media Education of the Moscow Training State University..