2017 3 (15)

September 30, 2017

 

SUMMARIES

 

 

Military chronicle

Tarasenko Ilya Vadimovich

YOU ARE GREAT – OUR RUSSIAN NATION!(To the 405th anniversary of the Battle of Moscow in 1612) 

The article is dedicated to the Battle of Moscow in 1612. It considers Russian historical events in the period of formation of the Second People’s Militia. It analyzes composition of the forces of the opposing sides, gives the characteristics of the command structure of the Polish-Lithuanian forces and the militia. The course of the three-day Moscow battle and the decisions made by commanders are shown in details. It reveals the historical significance of the victory of the national Russian forces over the interventionists for the restoration of the Russian statehood, which in fact was lost during the period known as Time of Troubles.

Keywords:

Troubles; Polish-Lithuanian interventionists; Battle of Moscow in 1612; Moscow; liberation; civil uprising; D. Pozharsky; K. Minin; D. Trubetskoy; Ya. Khodkevich.

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Polyansky Mikhail Semenovich

The impact of the wars on the change in the mass consciousness of servicemen of the belligerent powers (on examples of the First World War) 

The article discusses some problems of the change of mass consciousness of servicemen who took part in the First World War. It is shown how main national characteristics transform in extreme conditions of warfare at various stages of the war and the peculiarities of the mass consciousness of the warring troops are given.

Keywords:

First World War; mass consciousness; morale; ideology; moral and psychological condition; mass media.

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Arzamaskin Yury Nikolaevich

Civil war in the context of Russian history: the reality of an objective approach 

The article considers the essence, background and causes of the Civil War in Russia (1917–1922). The author attempted to reveal the reasons for the defeat of the White movement, historical consequences and lessons of the Civil War objectively without myths and falsifications. It is concluded that the Civil War in Russia was engendered by a complex set of social contradictions, economic, political, psychological and other causes, and became the greatest disaster for Russia.

Keywords:

civil war; class struggle; republic of Soviets; Red Army; White movement; armed confrontation; foreign intervention.

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Rubtsov Yury Viсtorovich

The Muses were not quiet when the cannons spoke: the cultural ties of the USSR with the allies during the Second World War

The article highlights the course of cultural cooperation established after the Nazi Germany invasion to the USSR between cultural, information and propaganda organizations of the Soviet Union, on the one hand, and the United States and the Great Britain, on the other hand. It shows the contribution of the greatest workers of culture to the establishment of mutual understanding between the peoples of the allied powers. It reveals the fundamental geopolitical and ideological contradictions that existed between members of the anti-Hitler coalition and limited the scope and depth of cultural exchange, and, at the end of the war, reduced it to a minimum.

Keywords:

Second World War; anti-Hitler coalition; USSR; USA; United Kingdom; Sovinformbureau; VOKS; cultural exchange; second front; propaganda; confrontation.

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Paraskevov Valery Sergeevich

The main fire power of the Red Army in the battles on the Volga (To the 75th anniversary of the beginning of the Soviet counter-offensive at Stalingrad) 

The article discusses the peculiarities of the Soviet artillery usage during the battle of Stalingrad in the course of the Great Patriotic War. It tells about the new forms of cannon and rocket artillery and mortars use while preparing for defensive and offensive operations and battles. Special attention is paid to the artillery preparation and fire support of Soviet troops at the transition to counterattack. The role and the value of the artillery in the Red army’s victory in the battle of Stalingrad are shown.

Keywords:

Battle of Stalingrad; Red Army; counterattack; troops; Soviet artillery; cannons; mortars; anti-tank means; artillery preparation; reserve.

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DEFENSE AND SECURITY

Security challenges

Shnyakina Tatiana Sergeevna

Administrative and legal regimes as a tool for ensuring national security: qualification and application problems 

The issues of ensuring national security are considered through the prism of administrative and legal regimes in this article. The author suggests the definition of “administrative and legal regime”, discusses its intrinsic features and gives the main classifications of administrative and legal regimes. The problem of the qualification of administrative and legal regimes is described on the example of the current situation in the southeast of Ukraine. It is concluded that the Ukrainian authorities deliberately substitute the form and content of the administrative and legal regimes used for resolving the armed conflict that eventually makes the legal element to disappear in them.

Keywords:

national security; administrative and legal regime; state of emergency; state of martial law; armed conflict; counterterrorism operation; Ukraine; emergency.

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Prilepskiy Valery Yurievich, Semenov Alexander Alexeevich.

Dangerous conjunction: “hybrid wars” and “color revolutions” 

The article discusses the problems of counteracting the use of modern destructive social technologies reformatting the political space with the help of “hybrid wars” understood as a form of undeclared, secret military actions of one state against state structures, the regular army and the population of the adversary and the so-called “color revolutions” as a political technology regarding the peaceful replacement of undesirable political regimes. Based on the analysis of modern political science literature, a conclusion is made about the increasing possibility of the complex application of these technologies against our country. A number of measures is proposed in the political sphere in order to ensure the national security of Russia in these conditions.

Keywords:

state; military organization; armed forces; confrontation; hybrid threat; conflict; hybrid war; “color revolution”; maintenance of security..

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Sakun Sergey Alexandrovich

Peculiarities of moral and psychological situation in the Syrian Arab Republic in 2015-2017 

The article reveals the peculiarities of moral and psychological situation in Syria in 2015-2017. It considers the national and religious composition of the population, the socio-political, religious and criminal situation in the country. The characteristic of international terrorist organizations fighting in Syria is given. Large militant groups of the “moderate” opposition are analyzed.

Keywords:

Syrian Arab Republic; Russian Federation; armed forces; “moderate” opposition; militant groups; international terrorist organizations; socio-political situation; moral and psychological situation.

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Military economy

Dianova Taisiya Vladimirovna

Submarket of military labor in the post-Soviet period 

The article analyzes the problems of the military labor market and its main characteristics. The author pays particular attention to the specifics of supply and demand in the market, factors that influence them, infrastructure support for this segment and the main stages of socio-economic support for professional servicemen in the post-Soviet period, as well as the positive changes that took place in its course. The author declares transition from the practice of socio-economic protection of servicemen and their families to the economic provision of this category of citizens. As a result of the study the author comes to the conclusion that the importance of the financial factor in the functioning of the submarket of military labor is increasing nowadays.

Keywords:

military economy; labor market; military personnel; socio-economic support; finance.

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Zakutnev Sergey Evgenievich, Volkova Victoria Vladimirovna

Criteria and indicators for assessing efficiency of the state support of the defense-industrial complex enterprises’ activity 

Priority directions of the state industrial policy in the defense-industrial complex are defined with an assessment of a contribution of various measures of state regulation to ensuring high level of economic growth, welfare of the population and defense-industrial potential. Priorities of the state support of defense-industrial complex are justified. Special attention is paid to the methodological element consisting, in particular, in formation of criteria system and indicators for assessing efficiency of the state support of the defense-industrial complex enterprises’ activity.

Keywords:

defense-industrial complex; governmental support; efficiency assessment; criteria; indicators.

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Chistov Igor Vadimovich, Kachayev Dmitry Igorevich .

Motivation for the defense-industrial complex organizations’ transition to a modern industrial business model on the basis of dividend policy optimization 

The article considers the peculiarities of corporatization of the defense-industrial complex organizations. The authors focus on the complexity of applying existing types of dividend policies in the defense-industrial complex organizations. Recommendations are given to ensure the motivation for the defense-industrial complex organizations’ transition to a modern industrial business model.

Keywords:

defense-industrial complex; modern industrial business model; dividend policy.

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Military personnel

 

THE BEST OF THE FIRST: on the occasion of the 100th birthday anniversary of Colonel-General Gennady Sredin 

The publication is devoted to the prominent political worker of the Soviet Armed Forces, Colonel-General Gennady Vasilievich Sredin, who began military service during the Great Patriotic War as an agitator of the rifle regiment. The author, who personally knew Gennady Vasilyevich since 1954, warmly remembers him as a person who during the service even on high positions of the Member of the Military Command Council, the First Deputy Chief of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and the Navy, the Head of the Military Political Academy named after V. I. Lenin, always had respectful and caring attitude towards his colleagues, regardless of their age and official status.

Keywords:

G.V. Medium; political worker; The Great Patriotic War; service; educational work.

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Military education

Alekhin Igor Alexeevich

On the question of the philosophy of education 

The article presents author’s approach to the origin and development of the philosophy of education in our country. The factors contributing to its existence in the national education system, as well as contradictions of the pillars of its relationship with the theoretical pedagogy are disclosed. An attempt to formulate suggestion on further improvement of the science of education, including the military one, in the Russian Federation is done.

Keywords:

education system; philosophy of education; protophilosophy; pedagogical anthropology; theoretical pedagogy.

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Krivenko Olga Anatolievna

Theoretical bases of responsibility formation process among cadets for the results of their educational activity 

The article discusses the conceptual and categorical framework of the pedagogical process of responsibility formation among cadets of military educational institutions for the results of their educational activity. The author analyzes psycho-pedagogical concepts in the field of educational activity – a topical issue for the pedagogy of the higher military school – as one of the most important subjects of scientific and educational researches.

Keywords:

military educational organization; cadet; personality; educational activities; self-awareness; responsibility.

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Smirnova Tatyana Sergeevna, Katina Vera Mikhailovna

Bases of professional information and computer competence formation among cadets of the military higher education institutions 

The article contains the results of the research in the field of formation of information and computer competence among cadets of the military higher education institution. The theoretical foundations of the concepts “information and computer competence” and “information and educational environment” are disclosed. Some aspects of the formation of the information and educational environment of the military higher education institution are discussed – in particular, electronic textbooks and electronic teaching aids and their use in the educational process are considered as one of the components of the environment. The article is intended for professors and specialists engaged in the introduction of modern information technologies to the educational process.

Keywords:

education; information and educational environment; training; cadet; competence; information and computer competence; electronic educational publications.

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Moral and psychological support

Subbotin Igor Borisovich

Moral and psychological state of servicemen: the problem of psychological interpretation of the essence, content and dynamics 

The article reveals the author’s approach to understanding the place and role of the moral and psychological state of servicemen in a system of factors that have a decisive influence on the course and outcome of the war. An analysis of various psychological views and approaches to understanding the essence and description of mental states is carried out. The distinctive features of the moral and psychological state of servicemen as a special kind of mental states are shown. The characteristics of the structural elements of the moral and psychological state of servicemen are given. The conclusion is made about the need for a systematic approach to maintaining a high moral and psychological state of servicemen in the contemporary conditions.

Keywords:

human potential; serviceman; morale; mental states; moral and psychological state; formation of sustainability; controllability.

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Fomenko Petr Petrovich

Military social work in combat conditions 

The article is devoted to the consideration of the activities of the command of the unit (military unit) of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in organizing military social work during the preparation and conduct of combat operations. Theoretical and normative legal bases of the content of military social work in the combat situation, system (algorithm) of the command activity, divisions for work with the personnel of the unit (military unit) for planning and conducting its activities are given. The author relies on documents of generalized military experience, combat management, modern educational editions and publications and other sources.

Keywords:

unit (military unit); military administration bodies; command; military collective; serviceman; military social work; combat operations; combat situation.

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Masyagin Vladimir Pavlovich, Kudryashov Sergey Vladimirovich

Military clergy in the current system of moral and psychological support of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation 

The article deals with the problems of the theory and practice of interaction between the Russian Ministry of Defense and other law enforcement agencies with the Russian Orthodox Church in modern conditions. The normative and legal substantiation of the service activity of military priests in military collectives is presented. The role and place of the military clergy (assistants to commanders for working with religious servicemen) is shown in the system of moral and psychological support. The methods and forms of participation of military priests in the implementation of the main types of moral and psychological support are discussed: information and propaganda work, military social work, cultural and recreational work.

Keywords:

The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; Russian Orthodox Church; military clergy; military priests; servicemen; moral and psychological support.

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Solonina Svetlana Nikolaevna

The role of psychological training in increasing the effectiveness of professional activity of military priests of units in combat conditions 

The article raises the question of the need for psychological training of military priests of the units in order to increase the effectiveness of their professional activities. The data of experimental research are given, which give grounds for the development of a training module on psychology for assistants to commanders (heads) of formations and military units for working with religious servicemen during a professional development program.

Keywords:

Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; servicemen; military priests; psychological training; professional activity; psychological stability; psychological readiness; abilities; spiritual needs; form.

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Serviceman personality

Petriy Petr Vladimirovich

Worldview as a strategic factor of a serviceman personality activity 

The article considers the worldview as a social phenomenon and as a strategic factor of the serviceman’s activity, which makes it possible to present quite fully and convincingly the content of the necessary ideas, attitudes and regulations in the activity of military personnel. The characteristics of the main components of the serviceman personality’s worldview are given, which fully contribute to the regulation of military-administrative activity and ensure the advance spiritual growth of the serviceman personality in relation to social reality. The judgment that today Russia and its military foundation need a new ideological doctrine capable to mobilize a person for creative work for the good of the Motherland is justified.

Keywords:

personality; serviceman; worldview; philosophy; knowledge; beliefs; ideal; value orientations; principles; norms; military activity.

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Boyko Stanislav Vladimirovich, Shilova Ksenia Yuryevna

Consumption as a system determinant of personality socialization 

The article analyzes the change of a factor of consumption in personality socialization in the context of historical process at a stage of consumer society formation and development. Consumption as a system determinant of socialization is proved. The main aspects which influenced the change of the consumption status in the processes of socialization during emergence and development of consumer society are analyzed.

Keywords:

society; personality; socialization; consumption; ambivalence; consumerism.

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Kaftan Vitaly Viсtorovich, Sirotina Tatyana Borisovna

The specifics of the spiritual choice of a serviceman of the Russian army in the modern society of consumption 

The article describes the features of the spiritual choice of a soldier and an officer of the Russian army in conditions of the imposition of consumer standards of conduct to Russia. Such elements of the spiritual choice structure as freedom of choice, conviction in the correctness of the decision, readiness for responsibility, assessment of possible consequences are indicated. The reasons for the complication of the serviceman’s spiritual choice are shown, the main of which are the imposition of consumer values, materialism, rejection of traditions, as well as extremely egotistic attitude towards other people.

Keywords:

consumer society; material values; personality; serviceman; meaning of life; spiritual choice; spiritual values.

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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ

НАУЧНЫЙ ФОРУМ

Army-2017: Military University’s innovative solutionsа

On August 27, the Army-2017 International Military Technical Forum organized by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation came to an end. This is the third large-scale event to welcome large domestic and foreign enterprises of the defense industrial complex, leading design bureaus, research institutes and military educational institutions. For the first time the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showcased its innovative solutions for such a magnificent review of scientific and technological achievements for the Russia’s defense.

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Suvorov Readings – 2017

Held on September 12, 2017 Suvorov Readings became an important event at the beginning of the Military University’s new academic year. The event was held in the form of a scientific and practical conference on the relevant subject: “Construction and development of the system of moral and psychological support: achievements and challenges of the scientific school of the Military University”. The Readings brought together students and cadets studying under the programs of the magistracy and humanitarian specialty, who will occupy positions in the bodies for work with personnel upon graduation.

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BOOKSHELF

Academy of life and service

The book “Military School in the heart of Donbass” on the history of Donetsk Higher Military-Political School of Engineering and Signal Corps saw the light of the day. Chairman of the Board of the Military-Political School V. S. Hohlov’s chapter "Always in service" is dedicated to the employees of the Military University, who began their professional career in the Military-Political School of Donetsk, the “academy of life and military service”.

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On guard for the order

On the centenary’s eve of the October Revolution of 1917 military historians of the Federal Service of the Russian National Guard troops wrote and published a military historical work "Local troops and guard in World War I" highlighting the historical events preceding the most important period of Russia’s history related to the radical reshaping of Russia's political system.

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