2016 4 (12)

January 14, 2017

 

SUMMARIES

UNDER THE FLAG OF THE COMMONWEALTH

Military Partnership for Defense

Interview with the Secretary of the Council of the CIS Defense Ministers, Major General Yuri Dashkin in the run-up to the 25th anniversary of the Council of the CIS Defense Ministers

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Military commonwealth

Dimitrov N.N.

Formation of the regulatory framework and peacemaking mechanism in the CIS: experience, problems and prospects

The article discusses historical and legal aspects of the formation of the mechanism of peacekeeping in the Commonwealth of Independent States, the role and place of the military-political bodies of the CIS in the creation and development of the regulatory framework and the provision of favorable conditions to conduct peacekeeping and peacemaking operations within the territory of the former Soviet Union. It also analyzes relevant international legislation, reveals problems of the process of the peacekeeping coordination within the CIS and interaction with relevant structures of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO).
Keywords:  
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); The Council of Ministers of Defense; military cooperation; collective security; armed conflict; peacemaking; peacekeeping; legal and regulatory framework.

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Vladytsky A.S.

Priorities and prospects of military and political integration of the former Soviet Union

The article highlights the challenges, priorities and prospects of the cooperation of the Russian Federation and the countries of the former Soviet Union in the military and political sphere. It reveals Russian national interests and outlines the prospects of military and political integration of the former Soviet Union, including some possible global implications.
Keywords: 
former Soviet Union; Russian Federation; integration; military and political cooperation; collective security; national interests.

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Nikolaev V.P., Sidorovich A.V.

Military and technical cooperation between Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States

The article discusses the military-technical cooperation between Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). It analyzes the specifics of the defense market in the CIS and outlines the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the military and technical cooperation between Russia and CIS member-states. It shows that the elements of the defense market have their certain parameters and development priorities. It considers the mechanism of the innovative development of military and technical cooperation between the CIS countries as the intergovernmental investment program into research and development of the industry. According to the authors, it is essential in the framework of the import substitution in the production of defense products.
Keywords: 
CIS; international relationships; military and economic relations; military and technical cooperation; market; competition; weapons; military equipment; military products; innovative development.

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PAGES OF HISTORY

National history

Khasanov R.S.

Change of milestones: the new principles of integration (to the 25th anniversary of the Commonwealth of Independent States)

The article discusses the main stages of the establishment of the CIS and its role in the integration processes in the former Soviet Union. It reveals the mechanism of the organization of international and intergovernmental relations. It touches upon the difficulties and problems of the functioning of the CIS as a fundamentally new interstate association.
Keywords: 
Commonwealth of Independent States; CIS Charter; integration; coordination; intergovernmental relations; economic cooperation; collective security; defense; military cooperation.

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Yasiukov M.I.

Historical Russia and the Soviet Union: Reflections prior to the 25th anniversary of the tragedy of the great power

The article provides a brief comparative analysis of Russia and the Soviet Union as the subjects of the Russian history, justifies their organic interrelation and continuity in development. It outlines the historical role of Russia in the creation of the Soviet Union, which became a superpower in the late XX century and had saved the humanity from the ‘brown plague’. The Soviet Union is considered as one of the real historical attempts to create a society of social justice, dream and friendship between peoples and nations. Without denying the mistakes and even crimes in the history of the Soviet Union, it is necessary to see and use the valuable experience of the Soviet Union in the creation of the new Russia.

Keywords: 

Russian; the USSR; the Great Patriotic War; superpower; Soviet people; social justice; historical experience; continuity; achievements; error; dogmatism; revisionism; convergence.

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Plyaskin V.P.

The role of the army in the economic development of the Caucasus (late XIX – early XX centuries)

The article discusses the role of the army in the economic development of the Caucasus during its difficult integration into the Russian Empire after the long Caucasian War. It considers the activities of the central and local military administrations, the participation of the troops deployed into the region troops in the resettlements, the agrarian reforms, the development of means of communication and other activities that contributed to the economic and social stability in the region. It shows the historical experience of the use of the creative potential of the military organization in the conflict region.
Keywords: 
Caucasus; Caucasian army; immigration policy, land reform; exemption dependent classes; "Public works"; "Free work"; means of communication; the local economy; living conditions; native people.

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Military History

80th anniversary of the start of the Civil War in Spain

Semenov K.K.

Russian Emigrants in the Red Spain

The article is dedicated to the participation of Russian emigrants in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). It tells the prehistory of the conflict and the fatal division among the Russian emigration on the eve of the Second World War, focuses on the motivation of volunteers, their party affiliation, and various aspects of the front-line service. It concludes with the desire of the majority of volunteer-emigrants to return to the Soviet Union after participating in the Spanish Civil War.
Keywords: 
Spain; Civil War; fighting; volunteers; International Brigades; Russian emigration.

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Parshin V.V.

Soviet pilots in the Civil War in Spain (1936-1939)

The article discusses the air warfare in the Spanish Civil War: the fight for supremacy in the air; aerial support of ground forces; air reconnaissance; breach of rail and sea communications. It analyzes the relative strengths in men, equipment, and aviation groups with the parties to the conflict; the condition and armament of the aircraft. It shows the influence of the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 on the development of the theory and practice of the combat use of the Soviet air force (tactics of the branches of aviation).
Keywords: 
Spain; Civil War; rebel forces; Republican aviation; pilots; fighters; bombers; methods of combat operations.

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DEFENSE AND SECURITY

Military Economics

Dianova T.V.

On the necessity and appropriateness of defense expenditures

The article discusses the problem of the controversial nature of defense spending. On the one hand, low defense spending threatens national security and the fundamental possibility of the progressive development of the national economy. On the other hand, excessive defense spending undermines the basis of expanded reproduction. The author summarizes the views of different scholars and, via the comparative, normative and positive analysis and synthesis, shows that the military preparations may not have a beneficial impact on the national economy and require powerful ideological support.
Keywords: 
economic theory; market; war economy; military goods; military spending; weapons; expanded reproduction; the state budget; disbursement of funds; efficiency.

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Skrynchenko B.L.

Engineering troops equipment orders: current situation and problems of development

The article discusses the structure and system of orders of the engineering equipment for the Russian army. It reveals management mechanisms. While analyzing the system of engineering equipment ordering the author identifies problems and suggests solutions and improvements.
Keywords: 
state armaments program; defense products; defense order; system of arms orders; Army Corps of Engineers; tool engineering equipment.

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Kushnaryov Y.I.

Counteracting counterfeit military products in the export control

The increased international and national requirements for the export control actualizes the problem of countering counterfeit military products. The article discusses the reasons that stimulate the development and functioning of the market of counterfeit supplies in various branches of the military-industrial complex, characterizes the ways to counteract the trafficking of counterfeit and falsified supplies used by the military.
Keywords: 
military-industrial complex; military products; production; market; turnover; export; counterfeit products; control; protection.

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Kushnir A.M.

The specificity and trends of the world market of military products

The article discusses the problem of organizational and economic basis of the worldwide weapons market. The author analyzes the specifics of military products, refines on the modern features of the world market of military products, which is characterized by long-term interaction of market subjects, dependence on political preferences, widespread unfair competition. In conclusion, the author reveals new trends of the defense market, which are essential to the Russian arms exporters.
Keywords: 
economic theory; war economy; military-technical cooperation; the global arms market; military products; monopolism; competition.

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National Security

Muzyakov S.I., Sitnikov A.D.

The transformation of the main centers of power in the modern geopolitical space

Based on this methodological approach, the article provides the author's definition of the "center of power". After investigating into the national legislature in the field of military security the author tries to identify the patterns and trends of the transformation of the main centers of power in the modern geopolitical space. Given the current geopolitical situation in the modern world, it suggests identifying a number of fundamental centers of power.
Keywords: 
geopolitical space; unipolar world; multipolar world; transformation; center of power; monologue; dialogue.

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Krivenko A.M.

External and internal threats and challenges to security in Central Asia

The article focuses on external, internal and regional security threats in Central Asia, which are related to the national security of the Russian Federation. The author analyses bilateral relations in Central Asia, which pose a number of problems and challenges that have a major impact on regional security. In this regard, it considers the role and place of Russia, the US and China, as well as the threat of instability and spread of violence across the border of the Central Asian region and beyond. The particular attention is paid to the impact of religious extremist and terrorist groups on the security of the region and their increased activity.
Keywords: 
Central Asia; security; external threats; internal threats; terrorism; military force; Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO); Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

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Konurov A.I.

Separatism in Russia: causes, dynamics, and driving forces

The article is devoted to studying the cases of separatism in the Russian Federation. The author examines separatism as a global phenomenon and its links with key world political processes. Special attention is paid to dynamics of separatist sentiments in Russia and activities of separatist socio-political movements. The analysis shows that separatism follows the erosion of national identity in the part of the population. In this connection, Russian government must take urgent measures to foster such identity among multiethnic and religiously diverse Russian people.
Keywords: 
Russia; identity; federation; separatism; territory; territorial claims; territorial integrity.
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HIGHER SCHOOL

Philosophy and Methodology of Science

Bernackih I.V.

Principles of military-political analysis as a method of scientific research into social phenomena and processes

The author states that if an area of scientific knowledge has its almost certain object and subject of research, it disposes its own research methods. The author defines the method of military-political analysis and its role in the military-political theory. It proves basic principles and requirements to the military-political analysis as a method to research into public phenomena and processes.
Keywords: 
political science; theory; methodology; method; principles; military-political researches; military-political analysis.

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Romanov A.A.

Processes of contemporary globalization: conceptual characteristics

On the basis of systematic study of natural and social phenomena the article attempts to highlight the most significant trends of our time, which are of fundamental importance for the understanding of the social phenomenon of globalization. It reveals the main directions and principles of the development of globalization. It proves the proposition that the available fundamental trends of globalization are closely interlinked. Their objectiveness materializes into the patterns of the occurrence of an event.
Keywords: 
modern society; ethnicity; the nation-state; globalization; security; ecology.

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Military education

Fomenko P.P.

Final qualifying work of Master's degree programs: development problems, performance and ways to improve

The article discusses the problems of the preparation of final qualifying works (Master's Dissertations) by the officers reading the course of The Organization of Moral and Psychological Support at the Military University of the Ministry of Defense. It presents the contents of the staged (by terms) reports made by the learners on the development of their master's dissertation. It proposes a set of measures, which, according to the author, will enhance the scientific management of officer cadets in the preparation of their final qualifying works.
Keywords: 
Mater’s degree course; officer; officer cadet; learner; scientific management; Final qualifying work; Master's dissertation; development; statements.

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Baranovsky M.V.

Implementation of the servicemen's right to education: sociological analysis

The article discusses the problem of the practical implementation of the rights of servicemen to various types of education. It provides the results of the survey conducted by the Research Center (Sociological) of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in November 2015. It proposes recommendations to improve the mechanism of the implementation of the servicemen's rights to education.
Keywords: 
military service; Contract; conscription; officer; serviceman; the right to education; retraining; motivation.

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Filimonov O.V.

Coordination of the education of the administrative personnel for the Ministry of the Interior in the integration processes in CIS countries: problems and solutions

The article raises the problem of integration of educational systems of police (militia) universities among the CIS countries. It provides various approaches to the specifics of education of administrative personnel for the law enforcement agencies in Russia and abroad. It shows the role of the Russian Ministry of the Interior Administration Academy as a key organization for the implementation of the integration and educational process. It proposes and proves the designation of the educational standard – MRolA (Master of Police Administration).
Keywords: 
CIS; integration; Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs; bodies of internal affairs; Administration Academy; educational process; MPolA educational standard.

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SCIENTIFIC LIFE

Scientific forum

Military education in the service of the Fatherland!

On 23–24 November 2016 there was the Military education – in the service of the Fatherland! academic and methodical conference. The large-scale event organized by the Main Directorate of Staff of the Russian Defense Ministry discussed the prospects for the improvement of the quality of military education and the development of common approaches to the training of qualified military personnel.
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Nikitin S.V.

National unity as a factor of the Victory!

On 24 November 2016 the Russian Army Theatre hosted an international research conference – The unity of the Multinational Soviet People as a Decisive Factor of the Victory in the Battle of Moscow. The conference comprehended the role and importance of the victory in the Battle of Moscow and in the Great Patriotic War, popularized the Russian military theoretical heritage and traditions of the service to the Fatherland, contributed to the preservation of the common historical heritage of Russia and CIS nations, and studied the ways to involve the experience and lessons learned of the Great Patriotic War in the training of officers nowadays.
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Bookshelf

Danilenko I.S.

The source to develop the strategic vision

In 1926 A. Svechin published the Strategy, which needs a modern review, detailed analysis of its provisions and ideas through in the context of the past 90 years and the contemporary problems of the development of strategic thinking. A. Svechin’s Strategy, according to the author, is not an archive of the ideas of the past, but a living source of the development of strategic thinking in the current historical situation, as the success in any serious case requires senior leaders to think strategically.
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Belsky V.Y.

Case study – political science

A review of the second edition of the Political Science textbook prepared by the Department of Political Science of the Military University, that received recognition and appreciation in the scientific and pedagogical community. Its involvement in the educational process, according to of the reviewer, greatly expands the possibilities of trainees in the variable teaching and learning of the political theory.
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