2018 2 (18)

June 30, 2018

 

SUMMARIES OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES

 

WAR OF THE NEW GENERATION

Savinkin Alexander Evgenievich

Russia’s science to win: Syrian experience

This information-analytical feature article by the editor of the Russian Military Collection A. E. Savinkin delivers the main results of the victory of the Russian Armed Forces in the Syrian conflict in the Middle East. It reveals in detail components and main factors to precondition the victory. It reflects the main content of the "art of war for peace through creativity and craftsmanship, rather than by means of numerical superiority” and dwells on the main points of the "impressive" counter-terrorist strategy of the Russian grouping of troops. The scientific analysis is based on expert opinions, relevant ideological legacy of Russian military classics, meditations on the course and outcome of the war in Syria by the top military leaders of the Russian Federation and Russian generals directly involved in the organization and conduct of the military operation. An attempt is made to forecast the main problems that Russia may face in the course of the further development of the Syrian conflict. This paper also shows ways of solving those feasible challenges.

Keywords: the Middle East; Syria; military conflict; "war for peace"; military art; counter-terrorism strategy; the science of winning; Russian army; grouping of troops; Syrian experience.. 

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Goryachev Anatoly Ivanovich

The "hybrid war" phenomenon within the Syrian context 

This article dwells on the nature and content of the armed conflict in Syria through the prism of the concept of hybrid war. It focuses on the analysis of various points of view on the nature, purpose and hybrid tools of war set forth in Russian and foreign literature. It is shown that in contemporary international conflicts the emphasis is increasingly shifting towards an integrated application of political, economic, informational and other non-military measures implemented through military power. It substantiates the need for bringing the defense strategy of the Russian Federation in line with the threats and challenges of the information age, the development of the Russian strategy of a counter-hybrid war.

Keywords: Syria; armed conflict; civil war; hybrid war; information war; proxy war; "color revolution"; "asymmetric" war; humanitarian mission; the forces of special operations; cyber attacks; "Soft power"; "Hard power".
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Petriy Petr Vladimirovich

Spiritual and axiological foundations of the military service and their embodiment in the military operations of the Russian army in the Middle East 

This paper focuses on spiritual and axiological foundations of the military service through the determination of the content and specifics of spiritual values of a serviceman of today’s Russian army. It delivers a meaningful description of the spiritual values that are topical in contemporary realities, which constitute the framework of the spiritual and axiological foundations of Russia's military service, and their embodiment in the military operations of the Russian army in the Middle East. Within the context of the modern axiological confrontation between Russia and the West, the research defines priorities for strengthening the spiritual and value foundations of Russia’s Armed Forces.

Keywords: Russian army; serviceman; spiritual and axiological foundations; spiritual values; military service; citizenship; military duty; patriotism; heroism; self-sacrifice.
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Kolnoshenko Oleg Vladimirovich, Kolnoshenko Vladimir Ivanovich

The experience of cultural and recreational work relating to 
Russia’s Armed Forces group of troops deployed in the  Syrian Arab Republic

This article delivers main results of the practical experience analysis of cultural and recreational work pertaining to the Russian special (counterterrorist) group of troops (forces) deployed in Syria. It reveals stages and main directions of recreational activities. This paper describes means and forms of cultural and leisure work with personnel under special conditions of service beyond Russia. The authors arrive to the conclusion that the work carried out contributed a lot to maintain a stable moral and psychological state of service members, thus facilitating successful accomplishment of combat missions.

Keywords: the Syrian Arab Republic; Syria; Russia; counter-terrorist military operation; grouping of troops (forces); military personnel; moral and psychological support; moral and psychological readiness; cultural and recreational work; cultural and artistic support; forms; means.
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Nebrenchin Sergey Mikhailovich

The global financial capital as a sponsor and organizer of hybrid wars

This research focuses on theory and practice of the global financial capital to organize hybrid wars in the world. The author analyzes the impact of the world financial capital on the deepening of global contradictions and escalation of the international situation. It explores the structure and content of modern hybrid warfare, its main directions and objects. Some conclusions and recommendations are addressed to experts, specialized in the field of humanities and socio-economic sciences.

Keywords: crisis; world financial capital; international mafia; hybrid war; "soft power"; information operations; "mainstream"; information sovereignty.
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Pautova Alla Victorovna, Zamay Natalia Nikolaevna, Stepanova Irina Vladimirovna

Offshore balancing on Syria(as exemplified in Foreign Affairs Magazine)

This study summarizes translations and provides an analysis of a number of articles by American experts that were published in Foreign Affairs Magazine in 1915-1917 and reflected assessments of the U.S. foreign policy pursued over the past decade. A particular emphasis is placed on the White House’s strategy of "off-shore balancing in foreign politics." It scrutinizes various points of view on the need for the U.S. troops presence in the Middle East and feasible consequences of military operations involving American forces in the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic. This paper offers examples confirming that abandoning the offshore balancing concept repeatedly resulted in foreign policy failures of the U.S.

Keywords: U.S.; B. Obama; D. Trump; foreign policy; world leadership; vital interests; offshore balancing; liberal hegemony; armed forces; the Middle East; Syria; B. Assad; ISIS; opposition; civil war; conflict.
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HUMANITIES

Military chronicle

Lavrenov Sergey Yakovlevich, Ilievskiy Nikolay Vyacheslavovich

“Bellum omnium contra omnes” (to the centenary of the beginning of the Civil War in Russia) 

This study deals with the concept of "civil war" and the characteristics of this social phenomenon in a historical context. It analyzes the reasons and background of the Civil War in Russia (1917-1922) and gives an assessment of the general content and results. It reveals a correlation between the military intervention and the Civil War. This research articulates the reasons behind the White movement’s defeat and the victory of Soviet power.

Keywords: Russia; revolution; the Civil War; military intervention; the Red Army; the White movement; social conflict; confrontation; causes; periodization; results.
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Ippolitov Georgiy Mikhailovich

The legendary Ledyanoy March without legends 

This research is dedicated to the centenary of the First Kuban ("Ledyanoy") March of the Volunteer Army. It presents a brief scientific version of the main content of the historical phenomenon of the 1st Kuban campaign of the Volunteer Army, based on the results of the author's analysis of a vast layer of historiographical and historical sources. It debunks a number of myths, mainly created thanks to journalism around this event. This paper reveals L.G. Kornilov’s and A.I. Denikin’s specific features inherent in the style of commanding the troops of the Volunteer Army. Attention is focused on the unique phenomena that took place in the military operations of the Volunteer Army, which merit profound reflection.

Keywords: Civil War; Volunteer army; the 1st Kuban ("Ice") campaign; Ekaterinodar; the assault; L.G. Kornilov; M.V. Alekseev; A.I. Denikin; A.M. Kaledin; moral and psychological state; flexible tactics; hostages.
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Temchuk Evgeniy Igorevich

The Ukrainian factor in Russia’s Civil war

This article highlights the events that took place during the Civil war in the South of Russia and their role in the formation of the complex of problems affecting the present-day Ukraine. The author considers all parties to the conflict that arose among the political forces of Russia’s South. This paper reveals prerequisites to shape the public opinion regarding the structure of the South-Western Region of the former Russian Empire.

Keywords: Civil War; Russian Empire; Novorossiya; statehood; the Ukrainian People's Republic; Armed forces of Russia’s South; Germans; White Guards; Red Army.
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Degtyarev Alexander Petrovich

Internal armed conflicts in Russia’s history and their consequences

This article is dedicated to the centenary of the Civil War outbreak and considers the main periods of the social confrontation in Russia throughout its centuries-old history. It also dwells on peculiarities of these historic laps. This research outlines reasons behind the confrontation among “elites” and “people”, portrays social groups and the geography of confrontation. The author believes the factors mentioned were mostly triggered by splits in society and the state system of government. The author delivers his assessments of some conflict situations in the Russian past.

Keywords: people; power; monarchy; emperor; prince; conflict; confrontation; fight; revolt; war; a crisis; split; revolution.
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Sokolov Anatoly Michialovich, Filippovykh Dmitry Nikolaevich

“The Kursk Bulge was engulfed in flames” (to the 75th anniversary of the Nazis defeat by the Soviet troops at the Battle of Kursk) 

This article describes the main stages, military-political and international significance of the battle of Kursk, which became the decisive event marking the final transition of the strategic initiative in the war to the Soviet Union and played an important role in WWII as a whole. The 75-year experience serves as a historic foundation for the materials given in this research, which allows readers to appreciate with revitalized vigor the greatness of the feat of their fathers, grandfathers and great-grandfathers, who defended the freedom and independence of the Fatherland and liberated the world from fascism.

Keywords: the Great Patriotic War; the Battle of Kursk; Kursk; Eagle; Belgorod; Kharkiv; the Red Army; Wehrmacht; operation “Citadel”; front; defense; offensive; tanks; radical fracture.
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Social Philosophy

Pogorely Alexander Pavlovich

Ideology as a relevant problem for nowadays Russia

This study attempts to evaluate the wording of Article 13 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation based on the logical and philosophical analysis. This paper offers the author's perspective of the evaluation of the so-called "constituted ideological being". The Armed Forces of Russia are in need of state ideology, the author concludes.

Keywords: the Principal Law; Constitution; the Russian Federation; state; ideology; democracy; pluralism; manifold; society; personality; interests; values; freedom.

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Prokofiev Sergey Yakovlevich

The crisis of higher military education in the retrospective of philosophical knowledgeя

This article explores reasons behind nowadays higher military education crisis and consequences of the USE (unified state exam) school “drilling”. It reiterates that standardization and dehumanization of the educational process correspond to the philosophy as the most fundamental course of the higher military school. This study substantiates the significance of philosophical education for the Russian Armed Forces training officers under modern conditions.

Keywords: education; higher military school; crisis; philosophical knowledge; standardization; cadets.

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Kurochko Mikhail Mikhailovich, Maslova Maria Valerievna

The phenomenon of transhumanism: the essence, sources and social consequences 

This article dwells on the essence of transhumanism, its genesis, philosophical-ideological and spiritual-religious aspects. It is shown that transhumanism poses a new question about the phenomena of man, superman and posthuman. It reveals the main stages of development of transhumanism in the world and Russia. Both negative and positive aspects of transhumanism, its impact on the development of an individual and society are shown. This paper also delivers characteristics of the technosubject and the possibility of singularity perceived as the phase transition of mankind to a new existence under the conditions of the emergence of artificial intelligence. It highlights Russia's national security main challenges under conditions of transhumanism development.

Keywords: transhumanism; personality; post-man; superman; technologies; technosubject; singularity; artificial Intelligence; biosphere; noosphere; society; war. 
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Ksenofontov Vladimir Vladimirovich

The Russian world as a socio-cultural phenomenon in the context of the international relations evolution

This article reveals trends in Russia’s world manifestations as part of the evolution process of modern international relations. It is shown that Russia, which exerts its influence abroad through various types of culture and the Russian language, is a dominant component of the Russian world. This study emphasizes a positive impact of cultural interaction with the CIS countries and foreign states. The problems existing in this sphere are mainly conditioned by the leadership of a number of NATO countries as well as by NATO-oriented states neighboring with Russia. The author concludes, the complication of the dialogue of cultures and the significant restriction of the use of the Russian language related to the factors described have a negative impact on the state of spiritual security of Russia and its close allies.

Keywords: international relations; Russia; the CIS countries; foreign states; the Russian world; cooperation; culture; art; literature; the Russian language; national security; spiritual security.
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MILITARY SCIENCES

Military economy

Slavyanov Andrey Stanislavovich, Khrustalev Evgeny Yurievich

Diffusion of technologies of the military-industrial complex 

This article touches upon the problem of raising the level of national security through diffusion of military technologies and the civil sector of the economy. It presents historical and foreign experience, analyzes the problems of conversion and gives the reasons that conditioned failures of the MIC (military-industrial complex) reform in the late 1980s. It describes the authors’ model of military technologies diffusion, which consists in the transfer of adapted military technologies from the MIC to the civilian sector of the economy.

Keywords: national security; military technology; adaptation of technologies; diffusion of technologies; conversion; import dependence; model; scientific and technical information.

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Dianova Taisiya Vladimirovna

Specifics and trends of development of the military goods market
This article notes that the military goods market is a monopsony, where the state plays a key role in determining its basic parameters and characteristics. It is shown that for the Russian Federation the world market of weapon production is one of the few sectors to successfully compete with foreign manufacturers of high-tech products. The author argues that the use of marketing tools in the military goods market is appropriate, but limited; and political preferences impose significant restrictions on it. It is shown that governmental and legal regulation determine the most important parameters and that high switching costs display the directions of military-technical cooperation.

Keywords: military economy; the market of military goods; military-technical cooperation.
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Military law

Borisova Daria Olegovna

On the issue of legal instruments aimed to ensure the balance of public and private interests in the activities of subjects of military-technical cooperation of the Russian Federation with foreign states
This article examines possible ways of elaborating an effective legal mechanism to meet the interests of military-technical cooperation parties. Such a tool will make it possible to achieve a balance between private-law and public-law regulation of the relations above mentioned in the interests of the state, developers, manufacturers and suppliers (importers) of military products. This study offers specific measures aimed to improve the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of military-technical cooperation.

Keywords: military-technical cooperation; legal regulation; military products; armament; military equipment; import; subjects; developers; producers; suppliers; balance of interests; corruption; armed forces; national security.
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Sazonova Irinа Gennadyevna

A military unit commander’s criminal proceedings in wartime: historical experience and prospects

This article focuses on the issues related to exercising powers of the body of inquiry in time of war by a military unit commander. The analysis of regulatory legal acts of the 1864 Judicial reform and the Great Patriotic War period testifies to the strengthening of the role and the increase in the powers of military units command in the sphere of criminal justice under wartime conditions. It has been revealed that today’s criminal procedural legislation doesn’t regulate procedural powers of a military unit commander in time of war. In this regard, there exists a need to develop and adopt appropriate amendments to the criminal procedure legislation in peacetime.

Keywords: criminal proceedings; criminal procedure legislation; regulatory legal acts; military unit; commander; procedural powers; the body of inquiry; war time.
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Parshin Alexander Victorovich

The legal basis of pension support for service members and their families during the 1905-1912 military reforms carried out in the Russian Empire

Based on little-known documents and materials, this research scrutinizes on the legal foundations mechanism for pension support of the Russian army during the period of complex transformations in the military-legal field during the military reforms of the early 20th century. This paper shows military legislation activities of the supreme government and military bodies.

Keywords: The State Duma; The State Council; The Ministry of War; The Military Council; military-land agency; Charter on pensions; treasury department; an emeritus cash register; officers; military officials; class ranks; family; salary; monetary content; pension.
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SCIENTIFIC LIFE

SCIENTIFIC FORUM

The advance-guard of science

For years, the Military University has been at the forefront the higher military-humanitarian education to become a powerful generator of scientific thought. Scientific schools have also been the most significant forms to train scientists and develop science. Scientific schools pioneer the introduction of innovative methods and technologies into the educational process. To date, the Military University boasts 20 scientific schools. The Military University command cherishes its scientific potential making every effort to strengthen and support it. The "SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL – AT THE FOREFRONT OF SCIENCE", which was held on February 8, 2018 on the Day of Russian Science is an eloquent evidence to that. The project is aimed to increase the effectiveness of educational, methodological and scientific activities, promote scientific traditions and scientific schools’ endeavors of the leading humanitarian university of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.

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The Battle of Ognennaya Bulge

Given a "special significance of the German forces defeat by the Soviet troops in the Battle of Kursk to achieve the Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945", in 2018 Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a Decree on the celebration of the 75th anniversary of this historic event. This Decree envisaged a range of scientific conferences and round table discussions to be held. On May 22, 2018 the Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation hosted a military historical conference "THE COLLAPSE OF THE GERMAN WEHRMACHT’S OFFENSIVE STRATEGY", which was hosted by the Research Center (of fundamental military-historical problems) of the Military University of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. 

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Anniversary – the time to summarize results and outline plans for the future

On May 22, 2018 the scientific and practical conference "MILITARY PERSONNEL: A HISTORICAL EХCURSUS AND NOWADAYS”. The conference was held as part of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Main Directorate for Personnel of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The forum focused on the historical and modern context of such issues as staffing positions with officers and contractors, the introduction of modern personnel technologies, the training of officer cadres in military schools, personnel support for combat operations, the stimulation of military personnel and other issues of personnel development in the Armed Forces of Russia.

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“Personnel as a driving force of military art…”

“The organization of personnel work in the Army and Navy in the pre-revolutionary period” scientific report notes by the editor of the "Russian military collection" A.E. Savinkin at the scientific and practical conference "Military personnel: a historical excursus and nowadays", which was hosted by the Main Directorate for Personnel of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on May 22, 2018.

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BOOKSHELF

Personnel bodies of the Armed Forces: history and nowadays

The “Kuchkovo Field” publishing house finally issued the book "MILI-TARY PERSONNEL. HISTORY. PEOPLE. PROSPECTS" (Moscow, 2018. 352 p.), a long-term study conducted jointly by the Main Direc-torate for Personnel, the Military University and the Institute of Military History of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The edito-rial board is chaired by the State Secretary, Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, General of the Army N.A. Pankov. The publi-cation is dedicated to the centenary of the principal cadre body of Rus-sia’s Armed Forces, which was solemnly celebrated on May 23, 2018..

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