2019 1 (21) Summaries

March 31, 2019

 

SPECIAL WEAPON

 

A STATE-MINDED WARRIOR IS THE ONE TO WITHSTAND THE INFORMATION-PSYCHOLOGICAL WAR UNLEASHED AGAINST RUSSIA

An interview with the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation –the Chief of the Main Military Political Directorate of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Colonel-General A. V. Kartapolov

Keywords: Fatherland; protection; Military establishment; public policy; military-political work; military political bodies; military personnel; youth; education; political consciousness; patriotism.

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Current tribune:military-political work

Chertopolokh А.А.

Military-political bodies: development experience and lessons drawn

The article is devoted to the retrospective analysis of the military-political bodies development and functioning experience. The evaluation of their contribution to the strengthening of the tactical efficiency and spiritual welfare of the Red Army and the Soviet Armed Forces units is represented in the article. Their role in the achieving victory in the Great Patriotic War is depicted. The authors give the facts and examples that clear up the aims, tasks, forms and methods of military political bodies functioning, their development and transformation on different stages of Russian State history. The lessons of the development and functioning of military-political bodies drawn from the historical experience that can be considered on the developing of a new military-political working system of the Russian Federation Armed Forces at the present are summed up.

Keywords: General Political Administration; military political bodies; apparatus; military-political work; party political work; military commissars; political officers; deputy politicians; political workers; leadership; control; education; political training. 

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Alekhin I.A., Avuza А.А.

Organizational and pedagogical conditions aimed to enhance professional training of specialists for the military-political bodies of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

The article dwells on the problem of the professional training for the newly created institute of the military and political work in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The results of the historical and pedagogical analysis of the political education system development in different periods is represented. Specific aims and tasks of military-political bodies of the present are considered. A new psychological portrait of a political officer is modeled. The main pedagogical decisions options of the problem in question are offered.

Keywords: military-political work; personnel; political officer; professional training; GEF; specialty; program; training; education; teacher. 
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Utlik E.P.

Socio-psychological foundations of military-political work in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

The article represents the problem of the synthesis of social psychology and military-political work. The short history of the uneasy relationships between the related sciences and social practice is depicted. The achievements of the development of the social-psychological basis of the military-political propaganda and agitation in the Russian Armed Forces are shown. Some reasons of the political workers irresponsiveness to the psychological theories and political recommendations are named. A short characteristics of social and psychological basis of the military-political work are given.

Keywords: military-political work; political work; social Psychology; psychological training; team; personality; individuality; communication; partnership; discipline; values.
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Karayani A.G., Tsukanov I.A.

Topical issues of military personnel psychological training in the structure of military-political work

The article gives a brief history of the development of ideas concerning the issue of psychological military personnel. The unity of spiritual, moral, psychological and physical forces of the warrior in the war is substantiated. The interrelation of military-political work and psychological training, its importance and necessity are shown. The necessity of integration of combat, political and psychological training is proved. The project of psychological training of servicemen in modern conditions is offered.

Keywords: military personnel; psychological training; war; the battle; enemy; psychological distance; information and psychological impact; moral strength; military political bodies.
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MILITARY CHRONICLE

Arzamaskin Y.N.

The institute of military commissioners in Russia’s Civil War

The article considers the objective reasons and backgrounds of military commissioners becoming in the Red Army during the Civil War. It sublines that the Civil War was a critical crisis phenomenon in the history of our motherland that required extraordinary measures to be solved. It makes a conclusion that the institute of military commissioners became one of the basis of the Soviet State that allowed winning, seemingly in a hopeless situation, in a specific post-revolutionary period and using human material that the State disposed.

Keywords: Civil War; intervention; Soviet authority; Red Army; military experts; military commissars; political agencies; political departments; leadership; party political work.
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Kiselev A.S., Polovetsky S.D.

Party and political work in the Red Army during the Civil War and the foreign military intervention of Russia

The publication is prepared on the basis of modern estimates of history of Civil war and foreign military intervention in Russia, process of creation and construction of Armed forces of the Soviet state. In the article the historical need of conducting party and political work for the Red Army in the first years of the Soviet power is briefly proved. Partpolitrabota in troops was a necessary condition of creation and functioning of the Army of a new type, regularity of the Soviet military construction. The process of creation of political bodies, institute of military commissioners and political leaders as an organizational basis of the carried-out party and political work in troops is considered. It is emphasized that the created system of party and political work in the Red Army underwent testing time. It was one of the power sources of the Red Army that caused its victory, and experience of Civil war for many years caused top trends of military construction in the USSR, was used and developed during the Great Patriotic War, was improved in the next years. It is represented possible to consider at the solution of tasks of modern military construction.

Keywords: Civil War; Soviet authority; Red Army; The Red Army; troops; front; military experts; commissioners; political officers; party political work; propaganda work; cultural and educational work. 
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Sakun S.A., Chertopolokh A.A., Isaev D.A.

Higher Military-Political School’s contribution to train political staff personnel during the Great Patriotic War

This article continues a cycle of publications dedicated to the forthcoming 100th anniversary of the Military University. It dwells on the activities of the Higher Military Political School in the years of the Great Patriotic War and its role in the Great Victory achievement. The main periods, events and facts connected with the political officers training in the Military-Political Academy, as well as the special aspects of the department of party-political work functioning during the war time, including the participation of the professors in the Red Army combat actions and political work organization in units are given. The development of the theoretical and application basis of the party-political work as a subject of political officers training is represented.

Keywords: The Great Patriotic War; political bodies; political personnel; political workers; personnel; Higher military-political school; Military-Political Academy, the department of party political work.
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Miftakhov I.Z., Galliamova Z.V., Nabiev R.F.

PROPAGANDISTS CONFRONTATION IN THE BATTLE OF STALINGRAD

The years that have passed since the “Perestroika” have practically deprived the Russian army of such powerful weapons as Party political work. The experience of the Great Patriotic War shows that its impact is quite comparable with the use of weapons of mass destruction. The experience of the Great Patriotic War shows that its impact is quite comparable with the use of weapons of mass destruction. Skillfully organized propaganda work was one of the decisive factors of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad. The article is devoted to the activities of the Political Directorate of the Red Army: special propaganda and its features, manifested during the Battle of Stalingrad. The authors identified a number of patterns in the development of propaganda directed at the enemy soldiers. The main feature was the departure from the ideologized patterns in the special propaganda and agitation towards the psychological impact on the enemy troops. The experience gained on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War allows it to be widely used in modern hybrid wars.

Keywords: Battle of Stalingrad; THE USSR; The Red Army; fascist Germany; Wehrmacht; the Nazis; anti-fascists; collaborators; counter-propaganda; special propaganda; forms; methods; true; aggressiveness; cruelty; fear; the victims. 
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Fomenko P.P.

POLITICAL WORK DURING THE AFGHAN WAR (1979-1989): ORGANIZATION AND CONTENT

The article depicts the contents and experience of the political work organization undertaken by the military and political work administration in the units of the limited contingent of the Soviet troops in Afghanistan, among the military personnel and civilians of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. The author uses the materials of the generalized military experience and personal experience of the participation in the planning and conduct of the political work (special propaganda) with the Afghanistan insurgents and civilians in 1984-1985.

Keywords: Afghanistan; Soviet troops; limited contingent; 40th Army (40 A); political work; political workers; military personnel; local population; counterrevolutionary forces; opposition; propaganda; special propaganda; information and psychological impact.  
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Pain and valour: Chernobyl eyewitness

An interview with Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor Army General Vladimir Lobov

On the 26th of April, 1986 a tragic event, amounting to the nuclear bombardment of Hiroshima took place. The servicemen of the Soviet Armed Forces from the very first days took an active part in the rectification of consequences of the Chernobyl NPP. The ex-vice-chairman of the state committee on the rectification of the accident consequences General of the Army Vladimir Nikolaevich Lobov reflects on their dedication and valor.

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HUMANITIES

PAGES of HISTORY

Shein I.A., Kovalenko O.Y.

“FOSTERING A TASTE FOR THE MILITARY CRAFT SPECIFICS BEGINS IN CHILDHOOD” (to the 75th anniversary of the first Suvorov Military Schools)

The second part of the article is devoted to the history of creation of Suvorov Military schools. Historical, social and ideological reasons of their creation are proved. The activity of the country authorities and the military educational institutions administration in the process of Suvorov Military schools creation are shown. The analysis of a wide spectrum of sources let the authors generalize the historical experience and draw the corresponding historical lessons, helpful for development of pre-university educational organizations of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense.

Keywords: war; children; Suvorov military schools; military training; military education; training; teacher; educator officer; pupils.
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PHILOSOPHY. RELIGION. CULTURE

Pogorely A.P.

RELIGIOUS ORIGINS OF NEOLIBERALISM: THE PAST AND PRESENT

The article considers the place and significance of neo-liberalism ideology in the modern society. The main attention is paid to the role of the catholicism to the formation and development of the liberal values «liberty» and «personality». The report presents the history of catholicism foundation and establishing, in the terms of interaction with other religious confessions. Catholicism and Protestantism ceremonial and religious features that influenced the formation of the liberal ideology bases are identified in the article. This material can be used within the morale building activities with military personnel in current situation.

Keywords: ideology; liberalism; neoliberalism; Christianity; Catholicism; Protestantism; western culture; person; freedom; individuality; Orthodoxy; spirituality. 
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Artemyev A.A.

MILITARY-CHURCH RELATIONS GENESIS IN RUSSIA

The article is devoted to the genesis of the Russian Orthodox church and Army cooperation, the long and sophisticated historical process. The main stages of the military-church relationships development are under the question. The author concludes that the historical experience of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Armed Forces demonstrates the positive examples of the spiritual influence of the Church to the servicemen.

Keywords: Russia; religion; faith; Orthodoxy; church; war; army; serviceman; military clergy; regimental priest; temple; patriotism.

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Zemtsova I.V., Nalivayko V.I., Nuzha M.I.

IMAGES of THE MILITARY SERVICE of THE PEOPLES of RUSSIA in THE MILITARY HIGH SCHOOL HUMANITARIAN EDUCATION

The article is devoted to the using of the images of the Russian people military service in the process of the educational subjects “Philosophy” and “Culturology” in the multicultural space of the modern military higher educational institution. The special attention is paid to the cadets formation of ideals and beliefs about the protection of the common Russian Motherland, value and emotionally close to the representatives of different cultures, ethnic groups and confessions of our country. It is shown that for this purpose the inexhaustible source of the Russian people spirituality (literature, epos, folklore, paintings) should be actively used. Demonstration of the common cultural components depicting the military duty, honor and glory during the lessons, according to the authors, helps to form unified value-morale basis of the military service, the atmosphere of the community and friendship within the military personnel.

Keywords: military high school; cadets; education; multiculturalism; military service; images; bogatyr; honor; glory; seniority; ethics; behavior.
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THE SCIENCES OF WARFARE

MILITARY PEDAGOGY and MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY

Turkin Y.V.

A PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING SYSTEM FOR CADETS (STUDENTS) of MILITARY COLLEGES TO COUNTER RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM in RUSSIA’S FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS SERVICE: ESSENCE, STRUCTURE, and FEATURES

The article is devoted to the problem of substantiation of pedagogical system of training cadets (listeners) to counteraction to religious extremism in relation to higher education institutions of the national guard of the Russian Federation. The article lists the factors that reveal the relevance and the need to develop a pedagogical system. Particular attention is paid to the characteristics of the structural elements and content of the pedagogical system of training cadets (students) of military universities to counter religious extremism.

Keywords: National Guard; Rosguard; troops; military high schools; students; cadets; listeners; training; pedagogical system; components; religious extremism; opposition.  
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Tsukanov I.A.

MOTIVATIONAL FIELD REGULATING CONDITIONS WITHIN THE SYSTEM of PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING FOR RUSSIA’S FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS SERVICE PERSONNEL BASED on SOFTWARE and HARDWARE SYSTEMS

The article describes psychological features of using special hardware facilities in the system of psychological preparation for accomplishing service and fighting assignments. There are presented the differentiation of motivating facilities in the performance of the assignments by service members (officers) of the National Guard of the Russian Federation. To prove the author’s hypothesis the experimental procedure and results are represented. The experiment has been hold on the National Guard faculty of the Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The author concludes that the regulation and control of the motivation level during the organization and holding of the lessons within the psychological training system using the software and hardware systems are the necessary elements of the effective service problems solving.

Keywords: National Guard troops; military personnel; employees; psychological preparation; software and hardware systems; motivational field; motivational stress; optimal motivation.
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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY in THE MILITARY SPHERE

Tarasenko V.A.

ESPORTS as a CONSCRIPTION CAMPAIGN INSTRUMENT

The article shows that in the conditions of digitalization of all spheres of life and popularity of the digital sources of information the computer sport becomes an effective army service agitation and propaganda tool. The article discovers the organization of conscription in different countries. The process of recruitment in the U.S. Army is analyzed, especially the role of video games and computer simulators in the advertising activities. The author gives features of the America's Army gaming platform created by the Pentagon specially for a broader coverage of youth audience to attract it in the Army. Also some other possibilities that are used in different countries for promoting military service are considered in the article. The article examples the similar events held in Russia on platforms of the military patriotic park “Patriot”.

Keywords: military establishment; army; military service; military service; conscription campaign; conscript; the contract; recruitment; advertising; video games; computer sport; Park "Patriot".  
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MILITARY LAW

Kirichenko N.S., Aleksandrova N.G.

ON THE NECESSITY of EXPANDING COMMANDER’S AUTHORITY in a MILITARY COMMAND and CONTROL BODY

In the process of compensation of damage in court, the officials of the military unit face difficulties caused by the lack of legislative regulation of their powers. The article on the example of the national guard troops discusses the problematic issues arising in the procedure of bringing persons dismissed from military service to liability in court. The variant of their permission by modification of the Federal law of July 12, 1999 No. 161-FZ "About financial responsibility of the military personnel" is offered.

Keywords: military unit; military authority; supervisor; powers; former military personnel; material liability; damage; the defendant; address; place of registration.
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Ageshin A.A.

GENESIS and DEVELOPMENT of LEGISLATION on CRIMINAL LIABILITY of MILITARY PERSONNEL for VOLUNTARY SURRENDER

The article is devoted to the problems of genesis and historical development of the criminal sanctions for a voluntary surrender into captivity. The prosecution of the servicemen for the crime in different historical periods: since the antiquity till 1917 is considered. The author concludes that in the process of human society evolution the criminal law has been changing towards humanization.

Keywords: military personnel; surrender; treason; escape to the enemy; transition to the side of the enemy; the crime; the death penalty.
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SCIENTIFIC LIFE

SCIENTIFIC FORUM

Military-political work scientific foundations

On the 14th of December, 2018 in the Hall of Military Glory of the Military University Research-to-Practice Conference took place. The preparation of the scientific forum was organized by the Chief Military Political Directorate of the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The participants of the conference agreed that it was necessary to develop the theoretical ground of the main directions of the military-political work, deepening of the science, practice and education integration.

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Russia’s unifying idea

On the 22nd of March, 2019 in the Military University of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense the round-table conference on the topic “The Religious Factor of the Red Army personnel high morale formation during the Great Patriotic War and ways of its role advancing in the strengthening of the moral-political state of Armed Forces. The unifying role of the Main Russian Federation Armed Forces Church building in commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War”. The event was hold according to the plan of the Ministry of Defense and the charity fund “Voskresenie” cooperation on the information-propagandist support of the Main Russian Federation Armed Forces Church building.

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Front runners

On the 21st of February, 2019, on the eve of the Defender’s Day in the Military University Of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense an awarding ceremony of the winners of the competition on the titles “The Best Educator” and “The Best Research Worker” according to the results of 2018. In the year of the 100th anniversary of the University the competition showed that the command and teaching staff wanted to continue the best traditions of the University. 

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BOOKSHELF

Media in the context of armed conflicts

The article describes the content of the first issue of the scientific periodical "Relevant Issues of International Humanitarian Law and the Media" that was published in 2019.

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